History Main / Atari2600

24th Jul '14 10:48:38 AM rexpensive
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[redirect:UsefulNotes/Atari2600]]

to:

[[redirect:UsefulNotes/Atari2600]][[redirect:UsefulNotes/{{Atari2600}}]]
24th Jul '14 10:48:20 AM rexpensive
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[redirect:UsefulNotes/{{Atari 2600}}]]

to:

[[redirect:UsefulNotes/{{Atari 2600}}]][[redirect:UsefulNotes/Atari2600]]
18th Jul '14 12:00:21 PM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/300px-Atari2600a_7997.JPG]]
[[caption-width-right:300:The ''real'' O.G.]]

->''Did you play with a friend on a rainy day?\\
Did you play with your dad? Did you show him the way?\\
Did you play with your sis?\\
Did your mom always miss?\\
Did... you... play a game from Atari?\\
[[{{Tagline}} Have you played Atari today?]]''
-->-- [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0VOmn2zux0 This commercial]]

The {{Atari}} Video Computer System, later known as the Atari 2600, but best known as just the "Atari" during its heyday, was the first really successful home video game console system, and only the second to feature interchangeable ROM cartridges that allowed new games to be published and installed without modifying the basic system itself. It also featured plug-in controllers that could be swapped out, allowing new kinds of controllers to be later introduced. Originally, just ten games were planned for it. The idea was to make a better system down the line to replace it eventually but the success of the system changed everything.

The Atari was wildly successful, and was one of the forces that drove TheGoldenAgeOfVideoGames in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Inversely, the sudden failure of the market for Atari cartridges in the wake of the disastrous ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' and ''VideoGame/PacMan'' games for the system was the trigger for TheGreatVideoGameCrashOf1983. With only a few exceptions, most of the classic games of the era had home versions available for the Atari, some (''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders'', and Atari's own ''VideoGame/MissileCommand'' and ''VideoGame/{{Asteroids}}'') more successful than others (''Pac-Man'', whose failure to match the immensely popular arcade version disappointed many consumers). It also began [[TheProblemWithLicensedGames the dubious tradition of licensed games]], with titles such as ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Superman Superman]]'', ''VideoGame/RaidersOfTheLostArk'', and (worst of all) ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial''.

In 1985, the same year as the release of the NintendoEntertainmentSystem and the SegaMasterSystem, Atari redesigned the 2600, repositioning it as a budget console, giving it a boost in sales that the 1983 crash diminished, but it still remained behind that of its prime, particularly as Atari would soon release the [[{{Atari 7800}} 7800]] in 1986. Many of the few original games for the 2600 from this period, however, were usually of low quality.

The simple joystick controller for the Atari 2600, with a stick capable of rendering input in any of eight directions (from four buttons) plus a single fire button, has become an iconic symbol of video gaming in general, and of classic video games in particular. Many '80s home computers, such as the Atari8BitComputers, the {{Commodore 64}}, the AtariST, and the {{Amiga}} also accepted the Atari's joystick controllers, as did the SegaMasterSystem and SegaGenesis.

The Atari 2600 was [[LongRunner actively supported for 14 years]], from October 14, 1977, to January 1, 1992, making it the second-longest supported video game system in U.S. history, the longest running being the NeoGeo (January 1990-August 2004). The Sony {{PlayStation 2}}, which launched in 2000, came close to both, ceasing production worldwide on January 4, 2013.

Since 1995, a homebrew scene dedicated to making new games for the system appeared.

In 2005, Atari released the Atari Flashback 2 (the original, a re-creation of an Atari 7800, was released in 2004), which [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atari_Flashback#Atari_Flashback_2 is a pretty faithful re-creation of the actual thing]] and contains numerous games built into it, including the Activision games ''Pitfall'' and ''River Raid''. The Atari Flashback 2+, released in 2010, contains all of the games on the Atari Flashback 2 with the exception of five (including both Activision games, which are replaced with a couple of sports games). An Atari Flashback Portable, which contains a bunch of [[http://www.joystiq.com/2007/06/27/a-peak-at-the-atari-flashback-portable-prototype pretty awesome features]], has been in DevelopmentHell since 2006. The current version of the Flashback, Atari Flashback 4, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atari_Flashback#Atari_Flashback_4 was released in November 2012]], with either 75 or 76 games (some have one more than others do).

[[http://www.atariage.com/ AtariAge]] is the biggest Atari fan Web site online and features an almost complete archive of legally downloadable 2600 {{ROM}}s (as well as ones for Atari's other systems). Only a few games are unavailable, such as Activision's 2600 library (for legal reasons, but they're available elsewhere online) and a handful of woefully obscure titles.
----
!!Specifications:
[[AC:Processors]]
* [[UsefulNotes/CentralProcessingUnit CPU]]: MOS 6507, a chopped-down 6502, 1.19 [=MHz=]
* [[GraphicsProcessingUnit GPU]]: Atari TIA (also used for sound)

[[AC:Memory]]
* 128 bytes, used for game variables.
* No video memory. The 2600 built the screen scanline by scanline, by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_Interface_Adapter manipulating TIA's registers]].
* Cartridges up to 4K of ROM, or more with bank switching.
** ROM sizes ranged from 2KB (early games such as ''{{Combat}}'' and ''{{Surround}}'') to 32KB (''FatalRun'').

[[AC:Display]]
* 160×192 resolution.
* NTSC and PAL: 128 colors. SECAM: Eight colors.
* Five sprites.

[[AC:Sound]]
* Two tone generators.

!!Accessories:
* Croco Cart
* [[http://www.schells.com/cuttlecart.shtml The Cuttlecart]]
* [[http://harmony.atariage.com/ The Harmony Cart]]
* StarpathSupercharger

!!Games available for the system included:

[[AC:Exclusive titles and MultiPlatform games that started here:]]
[[index]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Adventure}}''
* ''VideoGame/AirSeaBattle''
* ''VideoGame/ArtilleryDuel''
* ''Atlantis''
* ''BASIC Programming''
* ''VideoGame/ChuckNorrisSuperkicks''
* ''VideoGame/{{Combat}}''
* ''Custer's Revenge''
* ''{{VideoGame/Dragonstomper}}''
* ''VideoGame/EscapeFromTheMindmaster''
* ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' ([[TheProblemWithLicensedGames infamously]])
* ''Fast Eddie''
* ''VideoGame/FlagCapture''
* ''Freeway''
* ''VideoGame/AGameOfConcentration''
* ''VideoGame/GhostManor''
* ''VideoGame/HauntedHouse''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Indy500 Indy 500]]''
* ''{{VideoGame/Oink}}''
* ''VideoGame/PhaserPatrol''
* ''VideoGame/{{Pitfall}}''
* ''Radar Lock''
* ''VideoGame/RaidersOfTheLostArk''
* ''Revenge of the Beefsteak Tomatoes''
* ''VideoGame/RiverRaid''
* ''Solaris''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600SpiderMan Spider-Man]]''
* ''VideoGame/SpikesPeak''
* ''[[VideoGame/StarFox1983 Star Fox]]''
* ''VideoGame/StarShip''
* ''Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back''
* ''VideoGame/StreetRacer''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Superman Superman]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Surround}}''
* ''{{VideoGame/Swordquest}}'' Started as the sequel to ''Adventure''.
* ''VideoGame/VideoOlympics''
* ''VideoGame/VideoPinball''
* ''VideoGame/YarsRevenge''

[[AC:Ports]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Amidar}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Asteroids}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/AtariBasketball Basketball]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Battlezone|1980}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Berzerk}}''
* ''VideoGame/BuckRogersPlanetOfZoom''
* ''VideoGame/{{Breakout}}''
** ''Super Breakout''
* ''VideoGame/BumpNJump''
* ''VideoGame/BurgerTime''
* ''VideoGame/{{Centipede}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Commando}}''
* ''VideoGame/CrystalCastles''
* ''VideoGame/{{Defender}}''
* ''VideoGame/DigDug''
* ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong''
* ''VideoGame/DoubleDragon'':
** ''VideoGame/{{Double Dragon 1}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Frogger}}''
* ''VideoGame/FrogsAndFlies''
* ''VideoGame/{{Galaxian}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gorf}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gyruss}}''
* [[/index]]''Franchise/{{Halo}} [[VideoGameDemake demake]]''[[index]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Joust}}''
* ''VideoGame/JungleHunt''
* ''VideoGame/{{Klax}}''
* ''VideoGame/LadyBug'' (homebrew)
* ''[[VideoGame/DavidsMidnightMagic Midnight Magic]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Miner 2049er}}'' (released in two parts)
* ''VideoGame/MissileCommand''
* ''VideoGame/MouseTrap''
* ''VideoGame/NightDriver''
* ''VideoGame/PacMan'' ([[PortingDisaster infamously]])
** ''Ms. Pac-Man'' (A sampling of WhatCouldHaveBeen had ''Pac-Man'' been given more development time)
* ''VideoGame/{{Phoenix}}''
* ''VideoGame/PolePosition''
* ''VideoGame/QBert''
* ''VideoGame/{{Rampage}}''
* ''VideoGame/SmurfRescueInGargamelsCastle''
* ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders'' (the KillerApp that turned the console into a big hit)
* ''VideoGame/SpaceWar''
* ''VideoGame/SpyHunter''
* ''VideoGame/StarRaiders''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Scramble}} Super Cobra]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tapper}}''
* ''VideoGame/TimePilot''
* ''VideoGame/TrackAndField''
* ''VideoGame/TronDeadlyDiscs''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tutankham}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Vanguard}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Venture}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Warlords}}''
* ''VideoGame/WizardOfWor''
* ''VideoGame/{{Zaxxon}}''
[[/index]]
----

to:

[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/300px-Atari2600a_7997.JPG]]
[[caption-width-right:300:The ''real'' O.G.]]

->''Did you play with a friend on a rainy day?\\
Did you play with your dad? Did you show him the way?\\
Did you play with your sis?\\
Did your mom always miss?\\
Did... you... play a game from Atari?\\
[[{{Tagline}} Have you played Atari today?]]''
-->-- [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0VOmn2zux0 This commercial]]

The {{Atari}} Video Computer System, later known as the Atari 2600, but best known as just the "Atari" during its heyday, was the first really successful home video game console system, and only the second to feature interchangeable ROM cartridges that allowed new games to be published and installed without modifying the basic system itself. It also featured plug-in controllers that could be swapped out, allowing new kinds of controllers to be later introduced. Originally, just ten games were planned for it. The idea was to make a better system down the line to replace it eventually but the success of the system changed everything.

The Atari was wildly successful, and was one of the forces that drove TheGoldenAgeOfVideoGames in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Inversely, the sudden failure of the market for Atari cartridges in the wake of the disastrous ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' and ''VideoGame/PacMan'' games for the system was the trigger for TheGreatVideoGameCrashOf1983. With only a few exceptions, most of the classic games of the era had home versions available for the Atari, some (''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders'', and Atari's own ''VideoGame/MissileCommand'' and ''VideoGame/{{Asteroids}}'') more successful than others (''Pac-Man'', whose failure to match the immensely popular arcade version disappointed many consumers). It also began [[TheProblemWithLicensedGames the dubious tradition of licensed games]], with titles such as ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Superman Superman]]'', ''VideoGame/RaidersOfTheLostArk'', and (worst of all) ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial''.

In 1985, the same year as the release of the NintendoEntertainmentSystem and the SegaMasterSystem, Atari redesigned the 2600, repositioning it as a budget console, giving it a boost in sales that the 1983 crash diminished, but it still remained behind that of its prime, particularly as Atari would soon release the [[{{Atari 7800}} 7800]] in 1986. Many of the few original games for the 2600 from this period, however, were usually of low quality.

The simple joystick controller for the Atari 2600, with a stick capable of rendering input in any of eight directions (from four buttons) plus a single fire button, has become an iconic symbol of video gaming in general, and of classic video games in particular. Many '80s home computers, such as the Atari8BitComputers, the {{Commodore 64}}, the AtariST, and the {{Amiga}} also accepted the Atari's joystick controllers, as did the SegaMasterSystem and SegaGenesis.

The Atari 2600 was [[LongRunner actively supported for 14 years]], from October 14, 1977, to January 1, 1992, making it the second-longest supported video game system in U.S. history, the longest running being the NeoGeo (January 1990-August 2004). The Sony {{PlayStation 2}}, which launched in 2000, came close to both, ceasing production worldwide on January 4, 2013.

Since 1995, a homebrew scene dedicated to making new games for the system appeared.

In 2005, Atari released the Atari Flashback 2 (the original, a re-creation of an Atari 7800, was released in 2004), which [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atari_Flashback#Atari_Flashback_2 is a pretty faithful re-creation of the actual thing]] and contains numerous games built into it, including the Activision games ''Pitfall'' and ''River Raid''. The Atari Flashback 2+, released in 2010, contains all of the games on the Atari Flashback 2 with the exception of five (including both Activision games, which are replaced with a couple of sports games). An Atari Flashback Portable, which contains a bunch of [[http://www.joystiq.com/2007/06/27/a-peak-at-the-atari-flashback-portable-prototype pretty awesome features]], has been in DevelopmentHell since 2006. The current version of the Flashback, Atari Flashback 4, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atari_Flashback#Atari_Flashback_4 was released in November 2012]], with either 75 or 76 games (some have one more than others do).

[[http://www.atariage.com/ AtariAge]] is the biggest Atari fan Web site online and features an almost complete archive of legally downloadable 2600 {{ROM}}s (as well as ones for Atari's other systems). Only a few games are unavailable, such as Activision's 2600 library (for legal reasons, but they're available elsewhere online) and a handful of woefully obscure titles.
----
!!Specifications:
[[AC:Processors]]
* [[UsefulNotes/CentralProcessingUnit CPU]]: MOS 6507, a chopped-down 6502, 1.19 [=MHz=]
* [[GraphicsProcessingUnit GPU]]: Atari TIA (also used for sound)

[[AC:Memory]]
* 128 bytes, used for game variables.
* No video memory. The 2600 built the screen scanline by scanline, by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_Interface_Adapter manipulating TIA's registers]].
* Cartridges up to 4K of ROM, or more with bank switching.
** ROM sizes ranged from 2KB (early games such as ''{{Combat}}'' and ''{{Surround}}'') to 32KB (''FatalRun'').

[[AC:Display]]
* 160×192 resolution.
* NTSC and PAL: 128 colors. SECAM: Eight colors.
* Five sprites.

[[AC:Sound]]
* Two tone generators.

!!Accessories:
* Croco Cart
* [[http://www.schells.com/cuttlecart.shtml The Cuttlecart]]
* [[http://harmony.atariage.com/ The Harmony Cart]]
* StarpathSupercharger

!!Games available for the system included:

[[AC:Exclusive titles and MultiPlatform games that started here:]]
[[index]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Adventure}}''
* ''VideoGame/AirSeaBattle''
* ''VideoGame/ArtilleryDuel''
* ''Atlantis''
* ''BASIC Programming''
* ''VideoGame/ChuckNorrisSuperkicks''
* ''VideoGame/{{Combat}}''
* ''Custer's Revenge''
* ''{{VideoGame/Dragonstomper}}''
* ''VideoGame/EscapeFromTheMindmaster''
* ''VideoGame/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' ([[TheProblemWithLicensedGames infamously]])
* ''Fast Eddie''
* ''VideoGame/FlagCapture''
* ''Freeway''
* ''VideoGame/AGameOfConcentration''
* ''VideoGame/GhostManor''
* ''VideoGame/HauntedHouse''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Indy500 Indy 500]]''
* ''{{VideoGame/Oink}}''
* ''VideoGame/PhaserPatrol''
* ''VideoGame/{{Pitfall}}''
* ''Radar Lock''
* ''VideoGame/RaidersOfTheLostArk''
* ''Revenge of the Beefsteak Tomatoes''
* ''VideoGame/RiverRaid''
* ''Solaris''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600SpiderMan Spider-Man]]''
* ''VideoGame/SpikesPeak''
* ''[[VideoGame/StarFox1983 Star Fox]]''
* ''VideoGame/StarShip''
* ''Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back''
* ''VideoGame/StreetRacer''
* ''[[VideoGame/Atari2600Superman Superman]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Surround}}''
* ''{{VideoGame/Swordquest}}'' Started as the sequel to ''Adventure''.
* ''VideoGame/VideoOlympics''
* ''VideoGame/VideoPinball''
* ''VideoGame/YarsRevenge''

[[AC:Ports]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Amidar}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Asteroids}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/AtariBasketball Basketball]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Battlezone|1980}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Berzerk}}''
* ''VideoGame/BuckRogersPlanetOfZoom''
* ''VideoGame/{{Breakout}}''
** ''Super Breakout''
* ''VideoGame/BumpNJump''
* ''VideoGame/BurgerTime''
* ''VideoGame/{{Centipede}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Commando}}''
* ''VideoGame/CrystalCastles''
* ''VideoGame/{{Defender}}''
* ''VideoGame/DigDug''
* ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong''
* ''VideoGame/DoubleDragon'':
** ''VideoGame/{{Double Dragon 1}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Frogger}}''
* ''VideoGame/FrogsAndFlies''
* ''VideoGame/{{Galaxian}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gorf}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gyruss}}''
* [[/index]]''Franchise/{{Halo}} [[VideoGameDemake demake]]''[[index]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Joust}}''
* ''VideoGame/JungleHunt''
* ''VideoGame/{{Klax}}''
* ''VideoGame/LadyBug'' (homebrew)
* ''[[VideoGame/DavidsMidnightMagic Midnight Magic]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Miner 2049er}}'' (released in two parts)
* ''VideoGame/MissileCommand''
* ''VideoGame/MouseTrap''
* ''VideoGame/NightDriver''
* ''VideoGame/PacMan'' ([[PortingDisaster infamously]])
** ''Ms. Pac-Man'' (A sampling of WhatCouldHaveBeen had ''Pac-Man'' been given more development time)
* ''VideoGame/{{Phoenix}}''
* ''VideoGame/PolePosition''
* ''VideoGame/QBert''
* ''VideoGame/{{Rampage}}''
* ''VideoGame/SmurfRescueInGargamelsCastle''
* ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders'' (the KillerApp that turned the console into a big hit)
* ''VideoGame/SpaceWar''
* ''VideoGame/SpyHunter''
* ''VideoGame/StarRaiders''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Scramble}} Super Cobra]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tapper}}''
* ''VideoGame/TimePilot''
* ''VideoGame/TrackAndField''
* ''VideoGame/TronDeadlyDiscs''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tutankham}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Vanguard}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Venture}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Warlords}}''
* ''VideoGame/WizardOfWor''
* ''VideoGame/{{Zaxxon}}''
[[/index]]
----
[[redirect:UsefulNotes/{{Atari 2600}}]]
9th Jun '14 5:18:38 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''{{VideoGame/Oink}}''
29th May '14 2:19:46 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/MouseTrap''
28th May '14 12:51:39 PM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/{{Venture}}''
26th May '14 10:06:39 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''VideoGame/FrogsAndFlies''


Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/FrogsAndFlies''
26th May '14 7:08:26 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/BumpNJump''
26th May '14 6:10:03 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/TronDeadlyDiscs''
26th May '14 5:33:37 AM VicGeorge2011
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/LadyBug'' (homebrew)
This list shows the last 10 events of 116. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.Atari2600