History Literature / TheDispossessed

27th May '17 12:28:23 PM nombretomado
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A 1974 ScienceFiction novel by [[UrsulaKLeGuin Ursula K. Le Guin]]. Subtitled ''An Ambiguous Utopia'', it tells the story of Shevek, a brilliant physicist from the planet Anarres, traveling to the world of Urras to complete his work on the theory of time, which would make [[SubspaceAnsible instantaneous interstellar communication]] possible. The planet Anarres, arid and barely habitable, was colonized by refugees from Urras who established an anarcho-syndicalist society there. Urras, by contrast, is a lush, rich world but the two superpowers on the planet, A-Io (capitalist) and Thu (state-socialist), are in a state of cold war. The even-numbered chapters describe Shevek and his family's life on Anarres while the odd-numbered chapters tell the story of his adventures on Urras.

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A 1974 ScienceFiction novel by [[UrsulaKLeGuin Ursula K. Le Guin]].Creator/UrsulaKLeGuin. Subtitled ''An Ambiguous Utopia'', it tells the story of Shevek, a brilliant physicist from the planet Anarres, traveling to the world of Urras to complete his work on the theory of time, which would make [[SubspaceAnsible instantaneous interstellar communication]] possible. The planet Anarres, arid and barely habitable, was colonized by refugees from Urras who established an anarcho-syndicalist society there. Urras, by contrast, is a lush, rich world but the two superpowers on the planet, A-Io (capitalist) and Thu (state-socialist), are in a state of cold war. The even-numbered chapters describe Shevek and his family's life on Anarres while the odd-numbered chapters tell the story of his adventures on Urras.



* AllNationsAreSuperpowers: Actually averted. Although most of Urras is covered by A-Io and Thu, Benbili is much smaller and a pawn in the Great Powers' games. (It's rather like [[TheVietnamWar Vietnam]].) There are also a number of other nations on Urras, although only one other country is specifically named, and is mentioned only in passing.

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* AllNationsAreSuperpowers: Actually averted. Although most of Urras is covered by A-Io and Thu, Benbili is much smaller and a pawn in the Great Powers' games. (It's rather like [[TheVietnamWar [[UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar Vietnam]].) There are also a number of other nations on Urras, although only one other country is specifically named, and is mentioned only in passing.
16th Nov '16 12:27:37 PM MarkLungo
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* EsperantoTheUniversalLanguage: Earth's official language, while never actually named, is mentioned as being a constructed language and strongly implied to be Esperanto.

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* EsperantoTheUniversalLanguage: UsefulNotes/EsperantoTheUniversalLanguage: Earth's official language, while never actually named, is mentioned as being a constructed language and strongly implied to be Esperanto.
17th Oct '16 1:37:11 AM SorPepita
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* DemocracyIsBad: Or rather, ''liberal, capitalist'' democracy is bad. So is statist, authoritarian socialism. And even democratic anarcho-syndicalism has its flaws. So...again, an '''''Ambiguous''''' Utopia.

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* DemocracyIsBad: Or rather, ''liberal, capitalist'' democracy is bad. So is statist, authoritarian socialism. And even democratic anarcho-syndicalism has its flaws. So... again, an '''''Ambiguous''''' Utopia.
10th Jul '16 9:08:26 PM JulianLapostat
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* {{Expy}}: Laia Odo and her lover are very obvious stand-ins for the real-life historical figures Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, respectively (albeit with a few changes, such as this world's Berkman-equivalent being murdered by the government).


Added DiffLines:

* NoHistoricalFiguresWereHarmed: Laia Odo and her lover are very obvious stand-ins for the real-life historical figures Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, respectively (albeit with a few changes, such as this world's Berkman-equivalent being murdered by the government).
9th Jun '16 3:44:11 AM Morgenthaler
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[[quoteright:240:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/dispossessed2_6341.jpg]]

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[[quoteright:240:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/dispossessed2_6341.jpg]]
org/pmwiki/pub/images/paul_alexander_the_dispossessed_ny_avon_1975_24885.png]]
27th Jan '16 8:31:17 PM GrammarNavi
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The novel won both the {{Hugo|Award}} and NebulaAward.

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The novel won both the {{Hugo|Award}} and NebulaAward.UsefulNotes/{{Nebula|Award}} Awards.
25th Nov '15 12:02:40 PM Bezy
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* DebateAndSwitch: The book can be read as a dramatized debate over the question of whether anarchism, represented by the "Odonian" philosophy practiced on the planet Anarres, or liberal democratic capitalism, represented by the nation of A-Io on Anarres' sister-planet Urras, is better. Though [=LeGuin=] clearly prefers anarchism, for most of the book the question is dealt with subtly, with the failings of Anarresti society and the successes of the society of A-Io both being shown. Then, practically out of the blue, A-Io massacres peaceful protesters by the thousand. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than ''that''. So, for that matter, is the United States of America in the 1970's, for which A-Io was obviously meant to be a loose analogue. Hell, by the 1970's even the real-world analogue of Thu, the USSR, was not mowing down protesters in such numbers that the closely-packed dead bodies were left jammed in a standing position. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. In an interesting case, the A-Io's actions are understandable, though not justified - they remember what the last strike led to, and they are all out of moons to bribe dissidents with. It's also probably worth noting that, while massacres of striking workers weren't common in 1970s America, they ''were'' common in America at the turn of the century, so this could also simply be a case of AnachronismStew, but it seems probable that A-Io is meant to represent an older US, as the US of the 1970s certainly also did not prohibit women from universities, for example-much the opposite.

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* DebateAndSwitch: The book can be read as a dramatized debate over the question of whether anarchism, represented by the "Odonian" philosophy practiced on the planet Anarres, or liberal democratic capitalism, represented by the nation of A-Io on Anarres' sister-planet Urras, is better. Though [=LeGuin=] clearly prefers anarchism, for most of the book the question is dealt with subtly, with the failings of Anarresti society and the successes of the society of A-Io both being shown. Then, practically out of the blue, A-Io massacres peaceful protesters by the thousand. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than ''that''. So, for that matter, is the United States of America in the 1970's, for which A-Io was obviously meant to be a loose analogue. Hell, by the 1970's even the real-world analogue of Thu, the USSR, was not mowing down protesters in such numbers that the closely-packed dead bodies were left jammed in a standing position. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. In an interesting case, the A-Io's actions are understandable, though not justified - they remember what the last strike led to, and they are all out of moons to bribe dissidents with. It's also probably worth noting that, while massacres of striking workers weren't common in 1970s America, they ''were'' common in America at the turn of the century, so this could also simply be a case of AnachronismStew, but it seems probable that A-Io is meant to represent an older US, as the US of the 1970s certainly also did not prohibit women from universities, for example-much the opposite.
13th Nov '15 11:32:38 PM Fireblood
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* DebateAndSwitch: The book can be read as a dramatized debate over the question of whether anarchism, represented by the "Odonian" philosophy practiced on the planet Anarres, or liberal democratic capitalism, represented by the nation of A-Io on Anarres' sister-planet Urras, is better. Though [=LeGuin=] clearly prefers anarchism, for most of the book the question is dealt with subtly, with the failings of Anarresti society and the successes of the society of A-Io both being shown. Then, practically out of the blue, A-Io massacres peaceful protesters by the thousand. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than that. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad.

to:

* DebateAndSwitch: The book can be read as a dramatized debate over the question of whether anarchism, represented by the "Odonian" philosophy practiced on the planet Anarres, or liberal democratic capitalism, represented by the nation of A-Io on Anarres' sister-planet Urras, is better. Though [=LeGuin=] clearly prefers anarchism, for most of the book the question is dealt with subtly, with the failings of Anarresti society and the successes of the society of A-Io both being shown. Then, practically out of the blue, A-Io massacres peaceful protesters by the thousand. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than that. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than ''that''. So, for that matter, is the United States of America in the 1970's, for which A-Io was obviously meant to be a loose analogue. Hell, by the 1970's even the real-world analogue of Thu, the USSR, was not mowing down protesters in such numbers that the closely-packed dead bodies were left jammed in a standing position. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad. In an interesting case, the A-Io's actions are understandable, though not justified - they remember what the last strike led to, and they are all out of moons to bribe dissidents with. It's also probably worth noting that, while massacres of striking workers weren't common in 1970s America, they ''were'' common in America at the turn of the century, so this could also simply be a case of AnachronismStew, but it seems probable that A-Io is meant to represent an older US, as the US of the 1970s certainly also did not prohibit women from universities, for example-much the opposite.
13th Nov '15 11:27:43 PM Fireblood
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* DebateAndSwitch: The book can be read as a dramatized debate over the question of whether anarchism, represented by the "Odonian" philosophy practiced on the planet Anarres, or liberal democratic capitalism, represented by the nation of A-Io on Anarres' sister-planet Urras, is better. Though [=LeGuin=] clearly prefers anarchism, for most of the book the question is dealt with subtly, with the failings of Anarresti society and the successes of the society of A-Io both being shown. Then, practically out of the blue, A-Io massacres peaceful protesters by the thousand. Well, duh, Anarresti anarchism is better than that. The whole philosophical debate is tossed aside and replaced by Baddies Are Bad.



* PerfectPacifistPeople: Played with. Anarres is pacifist, but they do maintain an armed defense force, and the society is neither perfect nor is it entirely peaceful - human beings are still human beings, and there are plenty of people who are possessed of prejudice, jealousy, ignorance, malice, or corruption, which occasionally results in small-scale violence.
* PropertyOfLove: Discussed. Naturally, this attitude is frowned upon on Anarres and and people don't openly refer to their partners as "mine", but a minor character brings up the idea that an attitude of possessiveness incompatible with Anarresti ideals is inherent in monogamy.

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* PerfectPacifistPeople: Played with.{{Played with}}. Anarres is pacifist, but they do maintain an armed defense force, and the society is neither perfect nor is it entirely peaceful - human beings are still human beings, and there are plenty of people who are possessed of prejudice, jealousy, ignorance, malice, or corruption, which occasionally results in small-scale violence.
* PropertyOfLove: Discussed. {{Discussed}}. Naturally, this attitude is frowned upon on Anarres and and people don't openly refer to their partners as "mine", but a minor character brings up the idea that an attitude of possessiveness incompatible with Anarresti ideals is inherent in monogamy.
11th Jul '15 6:43:44 AM tesseract732
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* MissingMom: Shevek's mother leaves Shevek and his father when Shevek is two years old. Although this is accepted practice in Annaresti society, Shevek never really forgives her for it.



* SpiritualAntithesis: To ''Literature/Anthem'' by Ayn Rand. Like Prometheus, Shevek struggles with the pain of being a genius in a deeply communal society. He leaves that society and experiences capitalism for himself, rejects it, and chooses to return to Annaresti society to reform it.

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* SpiritualAntithesis: To ''Literature/Anthem'' ''Literature/{{Anthem}}'' by Ayn Rand. Like Prometheus, Shevek struggles with the pain of being a genius in a deeply communal society. He leaves that society and experiences capitalism for himself, rejects it, and chooses to return to Annaresti society to reform it.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Literature.TheDispossessed