History Literature / TheAgeOfInnocence

17th Jun '16 3:23:45 PM Give1Take2
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* BitchInSheepsClothing: Zig-zagged with May. While she genuinely loves Newland Archer and her desire to discourage his ([[MistakenForCheating suspected]]) affair with her cousin is by itself understandable, how she goes about it is downright manipulative and heartless. While she comes across as an innocent [[TheIngenue Ingenue]], once married she knows her husband feels stiffed in their vapid New York society, but rather than trying to make him happy by encouraging his interests (like travel, literature, the arts, deep intellectual discussions, etc) she subtly tries to mold him out of it (see PassiveAggressiveKombat below), which drives him to seek solace with [[BirdsOfAFeather like-minded Ellen]]. How does she respond to that? [[spoiler:She uses a BabyTrap to drive Ellen away and keep Newland by her side. Then they spend years in a HappyMarriageFacade in which she ''knows'' Newland feels miserable and unfulfilled, but which she won't release him from because it's the life ''she'' wanted for herself.]]



* GoodAdulteryBadAdultery: In-universe, men who cheat on their wives are deemed tolerable (like Beaufort and Count Oleska), while any woman who has an affair while still legally married, no matter the circumstances, is deemed unforgivable (Ellen). Narration-wise, said abusive husbands who cheat on their wives are depicted as despicable monsters (again, Beaufort and Count Oleska), while Ellen's affair with her husband's male secretary after leaving him is depicted fairly sympathetically. And, of course, Newland Archer's and Ellen's emotional affair on May is depicted sympathetically.



* {{Irony}}: Ellen came back to New York after leaving her husband partly because American laws favor divorce more than in Europe, only to learn that culturally America is even less forgiving of separation and divorce while much of Europe is more forgiving of leaving unhealthy marriages.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Before getting married, May suspects Newland has feelings for someone else (though she doesn't know it's Ellen) and offers to release him from their engagement. Ellen gets a familial version when she cuts all ties to Newland and returns to Europe, after May tells her she's pregnant.

to:

* {{Irony}}: Ellen came comes back to New York after leaving her husband partly because American laws favor divorce more than in Europe, only to learn that culturally America is even less forgiving of separation and American culture frowns on divorce more while much of Europe is more forgiving of leaving unhealthy marriages.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Before getting married, May suspects Newland has feelings for someone else (though she doesn't know it's Ellen) and offers to release him from their engagement. [[spoiler:This changes after she marries Newland, as she uses a BabyTrap to keep him with her in a HappyMarriageFacade even after she learns he's not happy with her. Ellen gets a familial version when she cuts all ties to Newland and returns to Europe, after May tells her she's pregnant.]]
* LoveYouAndEverybody: Newland Archer spends the first half of the novel completely oblivious to Ellen's feelings for him because she's just as cordial with him as everyone else. In a non-romantic sense, New York high society takes umbrage with Ellen being equally polite to everyone she meets, rather than showing excessive reverence for approved members of society and cold disapproval or haughty indifference to people deemed unworthy of such kindness.



* MadonnaWhoreComplex: Newland Archer laments how hard society is on women regarding their sexual mores. She's either a "good girl/woman" if she remains a virgin until marriage and then remains sexually faithful to her husband for the rest of her days, even if he beats her, cheats on her, he dies, they get divorced, etc (Mrs. Beaufort); or she's seen as a moral degenerate who must be shunned and disowned at all costs (poor Ellen). What little sympathy New York society had for Ellen regarding her marriage to her abusive and adulterous husband evaporated the second they found out ''she might have cheated on him too''.

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* MadonnaWhoreComplex: Newland Archer laments how hard New York society is on women regarding their sexual mores. She's A woman is either a "good girl/woman" if she remains a virgin until marriage and then remains sexually faithful to her husband for the rest of her days, even if he beats her, cheats on her, he dies, they get divorced, etc (Mrs. Beaufort); or she's seen as a moral degenerate who must be shunned and disowned at all costs (poor Ellen). What little sympathy New York society had for Ellen regarding her marriage to her abusive and adulterous husband evaporated the second they found out ''she might have cheated on him too''.



* PassiveAggressiveKombat: How May slowly establishes her authority over Newland during their marriage. Any time Newland makes plans to go somewhere he thinks it's interesting, May gets bored and inserts some tiny complaint that breaks Archer's enthusiasm. Newland eventually stops fighting.

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* PassiveAggressiveKombat: How May slowly establishes her authority over Newland during their marriage. Any time Newland makes plans to go somewhere he thinks it's is interesting, May gets bored and inserts some tiny complaint that breaks Archer's enthusiasm. Newland eventually stops fighting.



* ProtocolPeril: Ellen is almost made into a complete social pariah when she first arrives in Old New York partly because she does not show due sensitivity for their many essential social protocols--like walking by herself across a room at a party instead of sitting and waiting for a male escort to walk her across the room ([[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer a real social taboo for the time]]), or being [[WhatsUpKingDude casually polite]] to the more revered members of their community instead of [[ProfessionalButtKisser acting overcome with reverence that they graced her with their presence]]. Only later does she learn how narrowly she escaped the dire consequences for these egregious follies, and apologizes and promises to try to learn New York's customs.
* RevealingHug: May comes in, prattling about nonsense, offhandedly mentioning that she visited with Ellen. Newland cuts her off, asking about their dinner plans. She abruptly hugs him, and at this point, we see the near panic and terror in her eyes. [[spoiler: we later learn that during this conversation with Ellen, she told her she was pregnant and is desperately hoping that her plan to get rid of Ellen works]].

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* ProtocolPeril: Ellen is almost made into a complete social pariah when she first arrives in Old New York partly because she does not show due sensitivity for their many essential social protocols--like walking by herself across a room at a party instead of sitting and waiting for a male escort to walk her across the room ([[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer a real social taboo for the time]]), or being [[WhatsUpKingDude casually polite]] to the more revered members of their community instead of [[ProfessionalButtKisser acting overcome with reverence that they graced her with their presence]]. Only later does she learn how narrowly she escaped the dire consequences for these egregious follies, missteps, and apologizes and promises to try to learn New York's customs.
* RevealingHug: May comes in, prattling about nonsense, offhandedly mentioning that she visited with Ellen. Newland cuts her off, asking about their dinner plans. She abruptly hugs him, and at this point, we see the near panic and terror in her eyes. [[spoiler: we We later learn that during this conversation with Ellen, she told her she was pregnant and is desperately hoping that her plan to get rid of Ellen works]].



* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: In the novel, Newland Archer's unmarried sister is a recurring character often seen with his mother. It mentions a few times that she's getting on in years and will need to marry soon; but toward the end of the novel she stops appearing, and ultimately [[spoiler:even in the TimeSkip]] it's never revealed whether she got married or what happened to her.

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* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: In the novel, Newland Archer's unmarried OldMaid sister is a recurring character often seen with his mother. It mentions a few times that she's getting on in years Janey kind of disappears halfway through the novel, and will need to marry soon; but toward the end of the novel she stops appearing, and ultimately [[spoiler:even in the TimeSkip]] it's never revealed whether she ever got married or not, or what even happened to her.
17th Jun '16 2:06:40 PM Give1Take2
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* AtTheOperaTonight: The film's opening scenes, where Ellen returns to New York society and she and Archer, happily engaged to May, meet. Later in the film, they meet at a play whose plot mirrors their situation. And towards the end, the now-married May and Newland attend. This is the most significant scene for several reasons--several years later, the situation is now completely reversed--Newland is suffering in his loveless marriage to May and longing for Ellen. Meanwhile, the heretofore clueless May is showing hints of her scheming--she seems to have deliberately chosen to wear her wedding dress. Although it's a tradition in Old New York society for brides to wear their dress during the first year of marriage, her real motive for wearing it is to remind Archer of his marriage vows.

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* AtTheOperaTonight: The novel and film's opening scenes, opening, where Ellen returns to New York society and she and Archer, happily engaged to May, meet. Later in the film, they meet at a play whose plot mirrors their situation. And towards the end, the now-married May and Newland attend. This is the most a significant scene for several reasons--several reasons: several years later, the situation is now completely reversed--Newland is suffering in his loveless marriage to May and longing for Ellen. Meanwhile, the heretofore clueless May is showing hints of her scheming--she seems to have deliberately chosen to wear her wedding dress. Although it's a tradition in Old New York society for brides to wear their dress during the first year of marriage, her real motive for wearing it is to remind Archer of his marriage vows.



* CultureClash: Ellen has been away from New York for so long that she unconsciously thinks and acts like a European, while Old New York society is having none of that.



* DarkIsNotEvil: Ellen may have dark hair ([[AdaptationDyeJob in the book]]) and wear dark red dresses, but she is a good, kind woman who is unfairly criticized by New York society.



* DoubleStandard[=/=]{{Hypocrite}}: Of social standing, rather than gender. Because they never approved of Ellen's marriage or even Ellen herself, New York society is thoroughly unsympathetic to her regarding his infidelities and her decision to leave him, as demonstrated by the snubs she receives--not inviting her to social events, refusing en masse to attend a dinner in her honor. May on the other hand, is a beloved MarySue and when she suspects Archer and Ellen of having an affair, society's love of her and dislike of Ellen cause them to instantly rally around her and help her do everything she can to separate them and save her marriage. This is foreshadowed earlier in the book when at least two men who are known to have mistresses condemn another character for his infidelity because his mistress isn't of the proper social class.

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** Mrs. Beaufort is implied to endure the same thing from her husband in the novel. Society pities her, but expects her to bravely endure it b
* DoubleStandard[=/=]{{Hypocrite}}: Of social standing, rather more than gender. Because they never approved of Ellen's marriage or even Ellen herself, New York society is thoroughly unsympathetic to her regarding his her husband's infidelities and her decision to leave him, as demonstrated by the snubs she receives--not inviting her to social events, refusing en masse to attend a dinner in her honor. May May, on the other hand, is a beloved MarySue [[TheIngenue Ingenue]] and when she suspects Archer and Ellen of having an affair, society's love of her and dislike of Ellen cause them to instantly rally around her and help her do everything she can to separate them and save her marriage. This is foreshadowed earlier in the book when at least two men who are known to have mistresses condemn another character for his infidelity because his mistress isn't of the proper social class. class.
** The novel ''often'' describes the double standard regarding sex and extramarital relations between men and women. Men "sowing their wild oats" before marriage is seen as forgivable (Newland Archer), but women doing the same are seen as criminal. While extramarital affairs are in theory frowned upon for both genders, in practice society will always look the other way for men (like the universally loathed Beaufort, whom everyone knows cheats on his wife but never pressures him to stop), but women who do the same are heartily condemned and shunned (like Ellen).



* FakePregnancy: Subverted: May does this to Ellen, her husband's love interest, to drive her away. It turns out she really ''is'' pregnant, but she does not know at the time.

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* FakePregnancy: Subverted: May does this to Ellen, her husband's love interest, to drive her away. It turns out she really ''is'' pregnant, but she does did not know for sure at the time. time.
* GenerationXerox: After marrying May, Newland Archer is disappointed to realize that she's becoming her mother, and trying to morph him into her father.



** Ellen herself, at the end, who is never seen again after the final dinner at Newland and May's, though she's often alluded to.
** May also, aside from a few brief flashes in the montage covering the subsequent 20-something years afterwards. In fact, she's a literal example of this trope, as TheNarrator informs us that she died at some point during this time.

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** Ellen herself, at the end, who * GoodBadGirl: The crux of Ellen's conflict with New York society. She is never seen again a kind woman, but she also shacked up with her adulterous husband's male secretary for a year after the final dinner at Newland leaving him, and May's, though she's often alluded to.
** May also, aside from a few brief flashes in the montage covering the subsequent 20-something years afterwards. In fact, she's a literal example of this trope, as TheNarrator informs us
wishes to divorce him to she can marry someone else. Since New York society believes that she died at some point during this time.[[MadonnaWhoreComplex women can only be all good or all bad]], they've branded her as "bad" due to her technical infidelity and won't give her another chance.



* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: May suspects Newland has feelings for someone else (though she doesn't know it's Ellen) and offers to release him from their engagement. Ellen gets a familial version when she cuts all ties to Newland and returns to Europe, after May tells her she's pregnant.
** It's subverted slightly since both the book and the film paint this as a final triumph by her to show her son that she was an understanding mother and loving wife.

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* {{Irony}}: Ellen came back to New York after leaving her husband partly because American laws favor divorce more than in Europe, only to learn that culturally America is even less forgiving of separation and divorce while much of Europe is more forgiving of leaving unhealthy marriages.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Before getting married, May suspects Newland has feelings for someone else (though she doesn't know it's Ellen) and offers to release him from their engagement. Ellen gets a familial version when she cuts all ties to Newland and returns to Europe, after May tells her she's pregnant.
** It's subverted slightly since both the book and the film paint this as a final triumph by her to show her son that she was an understanding mother and loving wife.
pregnant.



* MadonnaWhoreComplex: Newland Archer laments how hard society is on women regarding their sexual mores. She's either a "good girl/woman" if she remains a virgin until marriage and then remains sexually faithful to her husband for the rest of her days, even if he beats her, cheats on her, he dies, they get divorced, etc (Mrs. Beaufort); or she's seen as a moral degenerate who must be shunned and disowned at all costs (poor Ellen). What little sympathy New York society had for Ellen regarding her marriage to her abusive and adulterous husband evaporated the second they found out ''she might have cheated on him too''.



* ProtocolPeril: Ellen is almost made into a complete social pariah when she first arrives in Old New York partly because she does not show due sensitivity for their many essential social protocols--like walking by herself across a room at a party instead of sitting and waiting for a male escort to walk her across the room ([[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer a real social taboo for the time]]), or being [[WhatsUpKingDude casually polite]] to the more revered members of their community instead of [[ProfessionalButtKisser acting overcome with reverence that they graced her with their presence]]. Only later does she learn how narrowly she escaped the dire consequences for these egregious follies, and apologizes and promises to try to learn New York's customs.



* ShaggyDogStory: [[spoiler:In the TimeSkip epilogue, Newland is amazed to consider how certain things which were unacceptable in his youth, such as marrying a girl from a controversial or tainted family is no longer taboo, since the daughter of the Beauforts is making an accepted marriage with his son. He then wonders what really stopped him from pursuing Ellen, or whether his son was bolder than him and realizes that in the end, he never really wanted to go against the grain and that he was finally a conventional man of his times after all.]]

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* RuleAbidingRebel: Newland Archer is eventually disgusted to learn this about himself. At the start of the novel/movie he becomes disillusioned with his society's strict, stiffing mores, and over the course of the novel he subtly tries to rebel against their petty, small-minded thinking; but every time he encounters Ellen he's forced to confront that for all his little passive-aggressive rebellions, he still thinks like ''them.'' [[spoiler:In the end, when his wife has died and society's mores have relaxed so that nothing is stopping him from pursuing Ellen, he's forced to confront that he really is a product of his era.]]
* ShaggyDogStory: [[spoiler:In the TimeSkip epilogue, Newland is amazed to consider how certain things which were unacceptable in his youth, such as marrying a girl from a controversial or tainted family family, is no longer taboo, since the bastard daughter of the Beauforts Beaufort and his mistress is making an accepted marriage with his son. He then wonders what really stopped him from pursuing Ellen, or whether his son was bolder than him and realizes that in the end, he never really wanted to go against the grain and that he was finally a conventional man of his times after all.]]



* ScrewPolitenessImASenior: Ellen's maternal family matron, Catherine. Her old age and relation to several high society members is implied to be pretty much the only thing that lets her get away with being the only New York high society member who always speaks her mind.
* ShipperOnDeck: Catherine, Ellen's "Granny," doesn't even try to hide how she feels Newland Archer and Ellen should have been married from the first. Every time he goes to see her, she pretty much asks him point blank why he and Ellen aren't married yet.



* VoiceoverLetter: Several.

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* UnluckyChildhoodFriend: [[spoiler:Ellen ends up being this to Newland Archer, as they played together as children but never managed to form a solid romantic relationship with each other.]]
* VoiceoverLetter: Several.Several in the film.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: In the novel, Newland Archer's unmarried sister is a recurring character often seen with his mother. It mentions a few times that she's getting on in years and will need to marry soon; but toward the end of the novel she stops appearing, and ultimately [[spoiler:even in the TimeSkip]] it's never revealed whether she got married or what happened to her.



* YourCheatingHeart: The heart of the story is Ellen and Archer's emotional affair. The irony is that everyone in New York society, including his wife, believes the relationship is physical as well, the one things they have either refrained from or been unable to achieve. Meanwhile, we learn Ellen left her husband because he was unfaithful to her (it's implied his lovers included men as well as women) and that she herself fled into the arms of another man, while several other characters are revealed to have mistresses and none of them would have especially bothered if Newland had kept Ellen as his mistress discretely. Newland's [[spoiler:sincere love for Ellen however and his temptation to abandon it all to live with her, albeit as social pariahs, threatens the social fabric of their middle-class world which is why they quietly conspire with May to force them apart]].

to:

* YourCheatingHeart: The heart of the story is Ellen and Archer's emotional affair. The irony is that everyone in New York society, including his wife, believes the relationship is physical as well, the one things thing they have either refrained from or been unable to achieve. Meanwhile, we learn Ellen left her husband because he was unfaithful to her (it's implied his lovers included men as well as women) and that she herself fled into the arms of another man, while several other characters are revealed to have mistresses and none of them would have especially bothered if Newland had kept Ellen as his mistress discretely. Newland's [[spoiler:sincere love for Ellen however and his temptation to abandon it all to live with her, albeit as social pariahs, threatens the social fabric of their middle-class world which is why they quietly conspire with May to force them apart]].
14th Jun '16 5:34:02 AM Mdumas43073
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[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/the_age_of_innocence_553243085_large.jpg]]

-> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter.''
-> '''Ellen Olenska''': ''Oh, my dear--where is that country? Have you ever been there?''

'''''The Age of Innocence''''' is a novel by Edith Wharton. Originally published in 1920, the book won a Pulitzer Prize in 1921. A member of New York High Society, Wharton had formerly criticized that world extensively in her novel ''The House of Mirth'', yet looking back at that world after UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, she felt compelled to revisit the setting and write something less critical (at least by her standards).

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[[quoteright:350:http://static.[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/the_age_of_innocence_553243085_large.jpg]]

-> '''Newland Archer''': ''I I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter.''
matter.
-> '''Ellen Olenska''': ''Oh, Oh, my dear--where is that country? Have you ever been there?''

'''''The
there?

''The
Age of Innocence''''' Innocence'' is a novel by Edith Wharton. Originally published in 1920, the book won a Pulitzer Prize PulitzerPrize in 1921. A member of New York High Society, Wharton had formerly criticized that world extensively in her novel ''The House of Mirth'', yet looking back at that world after UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, she felt compelled to revisit the setting and write something less critical (at least by her standards).



The novel was adapted into film versions in the 1920s and 1930s, but the definitive version is the 1993 adaptation, directed by Creator/MartinScorsese and starring Michelle Pfeiffer, Creator/DanielDayLewis, and Winona Ryder. This version is remarkably faithful to the novel, with whole passages and dialogue translated from page to screen. It won an Academy Award for Best Costume Design (Gabriella Pescucci) and is regarded as an exceptional recreation of old New York high society.

to:

The novel was adapted into film versions in the 1920s and 1930s, but the definitive version is the 1993 adaptation, directed by Creator/MartinScorsese and starring Michelle Pfeiffer, Creator/MichellePfeiffer, Creator/DanielDayLewis, and Winona Ryder.Creator/WinonaRyder. This version is remarkably faithful to the novel, with whole passages and dialogue translated from page to screen. It won an Academy Award AcademyAward for Best Costume Design (Gabriella Pescucci) and is regarded as an exceptional recreation of old New York high society.
28th Feb '16 7:45:56 PM DrOO7
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Added DiffLines:

* StepfordSuburbia: It's an urban setting, but this trope applies:
--> (narration)"In reality they all lived in a kind of hieroglyphic world, where the real thing was never said or done or even thought, but only represented by a set of arbitrary signs"
4th Jan '16 10:51:15 AM JulianLapostat
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* BeingGoodSucks: [[spoiler: Newland and Ellen, are perfect for each other but for circumstances. Both of them know it's all bunk but both of them are too nice to hurt other people's feelings to actually consummate their relationship, and Ellen walks away from his life, [[SadisticChoice refusing to force Newland to choose]] between her and walking out of his family. In the end, Newland ends up being shackled to a disappointing marriage all because he was too nice a person to walk away]].



* HappyMarriageCharade: [[spoiler:Newland and May are implied to have had this for decades, being committed to children and social reputation, even if Newland privately laments and misses Ellen. In the end, Newland's own son comes to understand the sacrifice his father made for his family and even asks him to consider a second chance at love with Ellen. Newland refuses]].



* MeaningfulName: New''land'' Archer, a New York aristocrat who is in pursuit of a kind of ideal world of ideas. Archer is a ShoutOut to Isabel Archer, an American woman who goes to Europe. The theme of the book, and that of Henry James' novel, is the fact that despite representing a New World, Americans were in fact stuffy, staid and conservative.

to:

* MeaningfulName: New''land'' Archer, a New York aristocrat who is in pursuit of a kind of ideal world of ideas. Archer is a ShoutOut to Isabel Archer, an American woman who goes to Europe. The theme of the book, and that of Henry James' novel, is the fact that despite representing a New World, Americans were in fact stuffy, staid and conservative. Ellen Olenska lampshades this when Newland dreams of an ideal world where they could love each other without social pressures but Ellen, who has lived in both America and Europe, asks him "Where is that country?"


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* PassiveAggressiveKombat: How May slowly establishes her authority over Newland during their marriage. Any time Newland makes plans to go somewhere he thinks it's interesting, May gets bored and inserts some tiny complaint that breaks Archer's enthusiasm. Newland eventually stops fighting.


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* SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan: The worldly wise and exotic Ellen Olenska is chased by New York lotharios like Beaufort who want to make her their mistress and Newland initially feels he's too boring to attract her, [[spoiler:but Ellen returns his affections, appreciating his sensitivity and kindness. May likewise also appreciates Newland's goodness, and manipulated him away from Ellen to keep him shackled to her]].
4th Jan '16 10:35:50 AM JulianLapostat
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-> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter."

to:

-> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter."''
4th Jan '16 10:35:07 AM JulianLapostat
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--> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter."
--> '''Ellen Olenska''': ''Oh, my dear--where is that country? Have you ever been there?''

to:

--> -> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter."
--> -> '''Ellen Olenska''': ''Oh, my dear--where is that country? Have you ever been there?''
4th Jan '16 10:34:56 AM JulianLapostat
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Added DiffLines:

--> '''Newland Archer''': ''I want--I want somehow to get away with you into a world where words like that--categories like that--won't exist. Where we shall be simply two human beings who love each other, who are the whole of life to each other; and nothing else on earth will matter."
--> '''Ellen Olenska''': ''Oh, my dear--where is that country? Have you ever been there?''


Added DiffLines:

* MeaningfulName: New''land'' Archer, a New York aristocrat who is in pursuit of a kind of ideal world of ideas. Archer is a ShoutOut to Isabel Archer, an American woman who goes to Europe. The theme of the book, and that of Henry James' novel, is the fact that despite representing a New World, Americans were in fact stuffy, staid and conservative.


Added DiffLines:

** For the books, Newland Archer's name is a {{Homage}} to Isabel Archer, the protagonist of ''Literature/ThePortraitOfALady'' written by Wharton's friend Creator/HenryJames.
4th Jan '16 10:22:35 AM JulianLapostat
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!!''The Age of Innocence'' provides examples of:

to:

!!''The Age of Innocence'' provides examples of:
!! Tropes common to novel and the 1993 film:



* AsideGlance: After telling Newland that Ellen has decided to return to Europe, May hands him the note that Ellen sent her regarding this. As she turns away, declaring, "I thought you knew", the expression on her face heavily implies she had something to do with this. [[spoiler: And as we later learn, she did.]]



* AsideGlance: After telling Newland that Ellen has decided to return to Europe, May hands him the note that Ellen sent her regarding this. As she turns away, declaring, "I thought you knew", the expression on her face heavily implies she had something to do with this. [[spoiler: And as we later learn, she did.]]



* BittersweetEnding: One of the most famous and poignant ones in literary history.
* BrokenTreasure: May wears her wedding dress to the opera (it's a tradition in Old New York for brides to do so during the first year of marriage) the night before Newland intends to consummate his relationship with Ellen. As they return home, it gets caught on the wheels of their carriage, leaving it torn and muddied--very symbolic of what's happening to their marriage.

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* BittersweetEnding: One [[spoiler:Newland Archer and Ellen Olenska never get together and live apart from each other, but both of them turn out to have fulfilling lives. Ellen lives in Paris, independently, free of abuse and reproach, while Newland becomes a beloved father and social figure. Newland is grateful if melancholy, that his son would not have to deal with the most famous same problems and poignant ones pressures that he faced in literary history.
his youth]].
* BrokenTreasure: May wears her wedding dress to the opera (it's a tradition in Old New York for brides to do so during the first year of marriage) the night before Newland intends to consummate his relationship with Ellen. As they return home, it gets caught on the wheels of their carriage, leaving it torn and muddied--very symbolic of what's happening to their marriage.
4th Jan '16 2:02:04 AM JulianLapostat
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Added DiffLines:

* DancesAndBalls: The novel and film opens with the ball at Beaufort's home.


Added DiffLines:

* TheOner: Newland's entry into the Beaufort's ball is a lengthy steadicam shot nearly as impressive as the Copacabana shot in ''Film/{{GoodFellas}}'', it mixes and matches movement, social detail, background painting, music and voiceover.


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* ShoutOut: In the film version:
** The ball sequence is a homage to ''Film/TheMagnificentAmbersons'' and ''Film/TheLeopard'', both literary adaptations about a bygone world.
** The use of VoiceoverLetter is one to Creator/FrancoisTruffaut's ''Two English Girls''.
** The iris dissolves is of course one to Creator/MichaelPowell's ''Film/BlackNarcissus''.
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