History Literature / LookingBackward

12th Jan '16 8:29:29 PM Fireblood
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Written by Edward Bellamy in 1888, ''Looking Backward: 2000-1887'' was one of the first real Utopia novels in America. The author's brother Francis Bellamy, wrote the Pledge of Allegiance. He also had the same political views (an interesting fact not mentioned in most histories).
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Written by Edward Bellamy in 1888, ''Looking Backward: 2000-1887'' was one of the first real Utopia novels in America. The author's brother Francis Bellamy, Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance. He also had the same political views (an interesting fact not mentioned in most histories).

* AllJustADream: Subverted by the ending. West thinks this is what happened when he returns to 1887, but it turns out the return itself, and not the rest of the novel, was a dream.
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* AllJustADream: Subverted {{Subverted}} by the ending. West thinks this is what happened when he returns to 1887, but it turns out the return itself, and not the rest of the novel, was a dream.

* FollowTheLeader: One of the first 19th Century utopian science-fiction novels. It inspired not only copycat novels and spinoffs, but also a slew of TakeThat response novels by writers doubting the economics and politics of Bellamy's future.
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* FollowTheLeader: One of the first 19th Century utopian science-fiction novels. It inspired not only copycat novels and spinoffs, but also a slew of TakeThat response novels by writers doubting the economics and politics of Bellamy's future. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a response from a fellow socialist, as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead.

* OutgrownSuchSillySuperstitions: {{Averted}}. In contrast to most socialist ideologies (Marxism most particularly), Bellamy's socialism was explicitly Christian based on his interpretation of the Bible, which his fictional society reflects. Bellamy was in fact a Baptist minister.
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* OutgrownSuchSillySuperstitions: {{Averted}}. In contrast to most socialist ideologies (Marxism most particularly), Bellamy's socialism was explicitly Christian based on his interpretation of the Bible, which his fictional society reflects. Bellamy was in fact a Baptist minister.and his brother were actually both Baptists ministers.

* TheVerse: The world is further explored with the sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead.
to:
* TheVerse: The world is further explored with the sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead.
21st Nov '15 1:58:10 PM Fireblood
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Written by Edward Bellamy in 1888, ''Looking Backward: 2000-1887'' was one of the first real Utopia novels in America. The novel is about Julian West, a FishOutOfTemporalWater, who falls asleep in the year 1887 and wakes up in the year 2000, having slept for 113 years, three months and 11 days (a clever palindrome, 113311). When he awakes, he finds his country has undergone a (supposedly) bloodless Socialist revolution. He proceeds to get lectured on how everything works for a majority of the book by the condescending Dr. Leete, who apparently doesn't do anything else. These lectures comprise entire chapters and discuss things like education, jobs, shopping and such in the year 2000, and how obviously better this utopia is than backward 1887.
to:
Written by Edward Bellamy in 1888, ''Looking Backward: 2000-1887'' was one of the first real Utopia novels in America. The author's brother Francis Bellamy, wrote the Pledge of Allegiance. He also had the same political views (an interesting fact not mentioned in most histories). The novel is about Julian West, a FishOutOfTemporalWater, who falls asleep in the year 1887 and wakes up in the year 2000, having slept for 113 years, three months and 11 days (a clever palindrome, 113311). When he awakes, he finds his country has undergone a (supposedly) bloodless Socialist socialist revolution. He proceeds to get lectured on how everything works for a majority of the book by the condescending Dr. Leete, who apparently doesn't do anything else. These lectures comprise entire chapters and discuss things like education, jobs, shopping and such in the year 2000, and how obviously better this utopia is than backward 1887.

Available online at [[http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/624 Project Gutenberg]].
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Available online at [[http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/624 Project Gutenberg]]. Gutenberg]]. A sequel, ''Equality'' was published in 1897, fleshing out Bellamy's socialist utopia further with more chapter-length lectures on various subjects. Also [[http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/7303 available online]].

Available online at [[http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/624 Project Gutenberg]]. * OutgrownSuchSillySuperstitions: {{Averted}}. In contrast to most socialist ideologies (Marxism most particularly), Bellamy's socialism was explicitly Christian based on his interpretation of the Bible, which his fictional society reflects. Bellamy was in fact a Baptist minister.

* TheVerse: Bellamy wrote a sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead. * {{Zeerust}}: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.
to:
* TheVerse: Bellamy wrote a The world is further explored with the sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead. * {{Zeerust}}: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes. "Radiotelephone" is used to broadcast music.
10th Jul '15 8:12:33 AM wittylibrarian
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Added DiffLines:
* FollowTheLeader: One of the first 19th Century utopian science-fiction novels. It inspired not only copycat novels and spinoffs, but also a slew of TakeThat response novels by writers doubting the economics and politics of Bellamy's future.
27th Feb '15 5:46:38 PM nitpickeryandsuch
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* HilariousInHindsight: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes. ** As opposed to a big truck?

* TheVerse: Bellamy wrote a sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead.
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* {{Utopia}} * TheVerse: Bellamy wrote a sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead. instead. * {{Zeerust}}: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.
5th Jan '15 7:24:07 AM gkoch3
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Added DiffLines:
* AllJustADream: Subverted by the ending. West thinks this is what happened when he returns to 1887, but it turns out the return itself, and not the rest of the novel, was a dream.
16th Nov '14 8:29:57 PM Merlyn_LeRoy
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* HilariousinHindsight: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.
to:
* HilariousinHindsight: HilariousInHindsight: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.
31st Dec '13 7:33:01 PM Fireblood
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The novel is about Julian West, a FishOutOfTemporalWater, who falls asleep in the year 1887 and wakes up in the year 2000, having slept for 113 years, three months and 11 days (a clever palindrome, 113311). When he awakes, he finds his country has undergone a (supposedly) bloodless Socialist revolution. He proceeds to get lectured on how everything works for a majority of the book by the condescending Dr. Leete, who apparently doesn't do anything else. These lectures comprise entire chapters and discuss things like education, jobs, shopping and such in the year 2000, and how obviously better this utopia is than the year 1888.
to:
The novel is about Julian West, a FishOutOfTemporalWater, who falls asleep in the year 1887 and wakes up in the year 2000, having slept for 113 years, three months and 11 days (a clever palindrome, 113311). When he awakes, he finds his country has undergone a (supposedly) bloodless Socialist revolution. He proceeds to get lectured on how everything works for a majority of the book by the condescending Dr. Leete, who apparently doesn't do anything else. These lectures comprise entire chapters and discuss things like education, jobs, shopping and such in the year 2000, and how obviously better this utopia is than the year 1888.backward 1887.

* TheVerse (Bellamy wrote a sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs)
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* TheVerse (Bellamy TheVerse: Bellamy wrote a sequel, ''Equality'', and various other authors of the time wrote spin-offs)spin-offs. ''News From Nowhere'' by Creator/WilliamMorris was a direct response to ''Looking Backward'', as Morris found it too stiflingly industrial and favored a rural, agrarian setting instead.
20th Sep '13 6:35:45 PM Fireblood
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* UnfortunateImplications: Obviously the idea that a command economy would be the best thing ever is controversial enough, given the record of communist states in the actual 20th century. The novel also claims that crimes are the result of "atavism" (i.e. hereditary traits). People with them are "treated in the hospitals." What treatment is unclear, but sterilization would seem to be the most probable, given this was done by real eugenics laws that were passed.
20th Sep '13 6:35:25 PM Fireblood
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* HilariousinHindsight (In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.)
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* HilariousinHindsight (In HilariousinHindsight: In 2000, information is carried through a nationwide series of pneumatic tubes.)

Added DiffLines:
* HilariousinHindsight (In 2000, information UnfortunateImplications: Obviously the idea that a command economy would be the best thing ever is carried through a nationwide series controversial enough, given the record of pneumatic tubes.)communist states in the actual 20th century. The novel also claims that crimes are the result of "atavism" (i.e. hereditary traits). People with them are "treated in the hospitals." What treatment is unclear, but sterilization would seem to be the most probable, given this was done by real eugenics laws that were passed.
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