History Literature / LiddellAndScottGreekEnglishLexicon

21st May '17 11:03:45 AM nombretomado
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* GentlemanAndAScholar: After all, this was VictorianBritain.


* GentlemanAndAScholar: After all, this was VictorianBritain.UsefulNotes/VictorianBritain.
16th Jul '14 2:15:30 AM SeptimusHeap
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Added DiffLines:

[[caption-width-right:240:Ἐπιστήμη κράτος εστίν ''Epistēmē krātos estīn'' (Knowledge is power).]]
->''The list could surely go on, and there is nothing more wonderful than a list, instrument of wondrous hypotyposis.''
-->-- [[http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/13/strauss.php Umberto Eco]].

->υποτύπωσις - 1. sketch, outline; (...) 2. model, pattern; (...) 3. a Rhet. figure ''by which a matter was vividly sketched in words'', Quint.''Int''.9.20.40.
-->-- Big Liddell, p. 1900.

Literature/TheBible of classical scholars (that is, with the exception of those whose sacred scripture is [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Latin_Dictionary Lewis & Short]]) and the TomeOfEldritchLore for many students of Classics. With over 80 editions and over 20.000 entries, it is ''the'' Greek-English lexicon. Its three versions (of which two are abbreviated) are nicknamed, accordingly, Big Liddell (or Great Scott), Middle Liddell, and Little Liddell, two of these sobriquets producing nice metrical effects familiar to the students of classic Greek (which apparently was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitch_accent sung]] rather than spoken).

For whole generations it has been the key to understanding many texts which are OlderThanFeudalism, such as Creator/{{Homer}}s ''Literature/TheIliad'', Creator/{{Plato}}s ''Literature/TheRepublic'', or the [[Literature/TheBible Gospels]]. If it comes to literary meaning of the book, one of its authors (Henry George Liddell) was the father of [[Literature/AliceInWonderland Alice of Wonderland]]. (Judging from some conversations in Creator/LewisCarroll's books especially [[http://www.literature.org/authors/carroll-lewis/through-the-looking-glass/chapter-06.html the one with Humpty Dumpty]] in this case the knack for philology went in the family.)

A complete, freely accessible online version can be found [[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.04.0057 here]], as part of the Perseus Digital Library.

!!Provides examples of:

* AcronymAndAbbreviationOverload: The list of abbreviations takes no fewer than 33 pages.
* AcronymConfusion: LSJ (Liddell-Scott-Jones) is also the initialism for [[http://www.lsj.org/ a high school in London]], for [[http://lsj.sagepub.com/ a scholarly journal]], and for the [[http://www.lansingstatejournal.com/ main newspaper in Lansing, Michigan]], and [[http://www.lsj.pl/ a Polish work agency]].
* AncientGreece: Every once in a while.
* {{Doorstopper}}: Pretty much.
* GentlemanAndAScholar: After all, this was VictorianBritain.
* GreatBigBookOfEverything Which Can Be Said in Ancient Greek.
* MythicalMotifs: Quite a lot, from Γοργώ (gorgon) to φοίνιξ (phoenix).
* {{Oxbridge}}: it has been made by the dean of Oxford, a relentless reformer of Christ Church.
* PerfectlyCromulentWord: Plenty of them, every one authentic and having been used by someone at least in one extant text.
* ShownTheirWork: The preface describes the process of preparing the dictionary - very impressive, as this was [[OlderThanTelevision before the digital age]], and everything had to be done without the help of databases, text editors, and DTP applications. The sole fact that it has been published nearly two hundred years ago (first edition is from 1819) and is used as the standard Greek-English dictionary by classical philologists means something.
* TranslationYes: One of the many examples is εκεχείριον, which means 'travelling allowance for θεωροί who announce a sacred trust'.
* {{Trope}}: '''τρόπος, o,''' (τρέπω) ''turn, direction, way,'' διορύχας τετραμμένας πάντα τ. Id. 1.189, cf. 199 : but, '''II.''' commonly, ''way, manner, fashion, guise','' τρόπώ τω παρέοντι χρεώμενοι going on ''as we are'', ib.97 ; (...) '''III.''' of persons, ''a way of life, habit, custom,'' Pi.''N''.I.29 ; (...) '''2.''' a man's ''ways, habits, character, temper,'' οργην καί ρυθμόν καί τ. όστις αν η (v.1. όντιν έχει) Thgn.964 ; (...) '''IV.''' in Music, like αρμονία, a particular ''mode'', Lydios t. Pi.''O''.14.17 ; but more generally, ''style,'' νεορίγαλος τ. ib. 3.4 ; (...) '''V.''' in speaking or writing, ''manner, style,'' ο τ. της λέξεως Pl.''R''.400d, cf. Isoc.15.45: esp. in Rhet. in pl., ''tropes'', Trypho ''Trop.'' tit., Cic.''Brut''.17.69, Quint.''Inst''.8.6.1. '''VI.''' in Logic, ''mode'' or ''mood'' of a syllogism, Stoic.3.269, cf. 1.108, 2.83 : more generally, ''method'' of instruction or explanation, ο άνευ φθόγγων τ. Epicur.''Ep''.I p.32 U.; (...) '''VII.''' ''beam'', Moschio ap.Ath.5.208c (so in Mod.Gr., cf. ''Glotta 11''.249).
* YouAreTheTranslatedForeignWord: and you. And you. And you...
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