History Film / FarewellMyConcubine

14th Jun '16 4:51:02 PM hansolodies
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** AdaptationalHeroism: In the book, Yuan has a smaller role, sexually assaulting Dieyi in exchange for the sword that the latter had his eye on. In the film, he's less sinister and they seem to have a consensual relationship, and Xiaolou is aghast when [[spoiler:Yuan is condemned to death, whereas he's not so much in the book.]]



*** Xiaosi is a lot less of a bastard in the book and is clearly just pushed too far and too often; though he indeed [[spoiler:becomes a big force in the Communist movement, he has no aims to get rid of Dieyi so he can take his place as Concubine Yu.]]



* DeathByAdaptation: [[spoiler:Dieyi slits his throat in the book, but survives Xiaolou's arms. In the movie, he dies, with Xiaolou looking on.]]

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* DeathByAdaptation: [[spoiler:Dieyi slits his throat in the book, but survives in Xiaolou's arms. In the movie, he dies, with Xiaolou looking on.]]



* HowWeGotHere: The film begins with Dieyi and Xiaolou practicing the titular opera together, then jumps back over fifty years to detail their lives together.

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* HowWeGotHere: The film begins with Dieyi and Xiaolou practicing the titular opera together, [[WholeEpisodeFlashback then jumps back over fifty years to detail their lives together.]]


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* SparedByTheAdaptation: [[spoiler:Xiaosi's fate is unknown in the film, while in the book he goes insane while being tortured and dies.]]
12th Jun '16 2:54:26 PM hansolodies
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* AdaptationExpansion: The book itself isn't very long, so it's the additional material that makes the movie nearly three hours long. Historical events are looked at in greater depth, and the early lives of Douzi and Shitou are greatly expanded, including the addition of a scene that gives Dieyi his motivation in regards to his art (as well as an expansion of Laozi's character).

to:

* AdaptationExpansion: The book itself isn't very long, so it's the additional material that makes the movie nearly three hours long. Historical events are looked at in greater depth, and the early lives of Douzi and Shitou are greatly expanded, including the addition of a scene that gives Dieyi his motivation in regards to his art (as well as an expansion of Laozi's character). However, the last part of the novel details Xiaolou's survival through a labor camp, life in Hong Kong and rediscovery of Dieyi, which the film entirely skips over.


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** The novel is more of a DownerEnding, with [[spoiler:Dieyi's attempted suicide doesn't actually work, and he realizes that his decades-long devotion to Xiaolou was a "joke." Dieyi has lost his beauty and is no longer the [[BecomingTheMask dan he lived to perform as]], and Xiaolou is a poor and weak laborer. The two reconcile but likely never meet again, and Xiaolou, knowing that he will never live to see Hong Kong's return to China, instead worries about the probable upcoming loss of his apartment and the loss of traditional values.]]
10th Jun '16 3:32:37 PM hansolodies
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* AmbiguouslyGay: Master Yuan who gave Dieyi his sword.

to:

* AdaptationExpansion: The book itself isn't very long, so it's the additional material that makes the movie nearly three hours long. Historical events are looked at in greater depth, and the early lives of Douzi and Shitou are greatly expanded, including the addition of a scene that gives Dieyi his motivation in regards to his art (as well as an expansion of Laozi's character).
* AdaptationalPersonalityChange: Dieyi can be somewhat of a JerkAss in the film, but not as much so in the novel; he dislikes Juxian but represses most of his irritation, unlike in the film; furthermore, in the film he burns his last connection to his mother at the first chance he gets. In the novel, he continuously hopes in futility that she'll come and take him back, and even writes her letters as an adult (albeit without sending them).
** AdaptationalVillainy: Master Guan is still an abusive hardass in the book, but he's far more brutal in the film; the book gives him a few moments of sympathy and genuine concern for his students, and he feels genuinely guilty after one of his students commits suicide.
* AmbiguouslyGay: Master Yuan who gave Dieyi his sword. (In the book, he's outright gay and more sinister, only giving Dieyi said sword after [[DepravedHomosexual raping him]]).



* CompositeCharacter: In the novel, Douzi and Shitou ''do'' find a DoorstopBaby, but it's a girl and not a boy (thus unable to join the troupe), and Douzi [[TearJerker guiltily abandons her to die]]. Xiao Si is an unrelated character. In the film, the two are merged.



* DeathByAdaptation: [[spoiler:Dieyi slits his throat in the book, but survives Xiaolou's arms. In the movie, he dies, with Xiaolou looking on.]]



* DepravedBisexual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.

to:

* DepravedBisexual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.girls (only boys in the novel, but [[{{Squick}} it's more explicit]].)



* TheFilmOfTheBook



* FriendVersusLover: Xiaolou ''thinks'' that this is what's going on with Dieyi's dismissal of Juxian. Of course, Dieyi is actually in love iwth him.

to:

** [[spoiler:In the novel, Shitou defends Douzi and gets a cut on his brow, which Guan warns is a sign that a friendship will end in disaster, which makes Douzi anxious.]]
* FriendVersusLover: Xiaolou ''thinks'' that this is what's going on with Dieyi's dismissal of Juxian. Of course, Dieyi is actually in love iwth with him.
21st May '16 7:46:37 PM hansolodies
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Added DiffLines:

* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler:Dieyi and Xiaolou have mended their friendship and practice the opera that brought them together in the first place, but Dieyi, lost in the role of Concubine Yu and possibly uninterested in a life where he cannot have Xiaolou, commits suicide. Xiaolou says his stage name, then his real name in anguish, but gives a small smile, knowing that Dieyi lived and died for art.]]
* BookEnds: The film starts and ends with an older Xiaolou and Dieyi practicing the titular opera. [[spoiler:It also starts an ends with an illustration of Concubine Yu committing suicide, which Dieyi also does.]]
** [[spoiler:The brunt of Xiaolou and Dieyi's friendship starts and ends with a suicide by hanging.]]
* BuryYourGays: [[spoiler:Both Yuan and Dieyi die.]]


Added DiffLines:

* DoubleMeaningTitle: It's both the title of the plot's most important opera as well as a symbol of Dieyi's life [[spoiler:and death. He becomes Concubine Yu and wants Xiaolou to appropriately be his king. By committing suicide he ends the struggle over his own gender and personal identity.]]


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* {{Foreshadowing}}: If the title illustration wasn't enough, there's a scene where Yuan and Dieyi are handling Zhang's old sword. Dieyi puts it up to his neck a la Concubine Yu, and a startled Yuan hastily warns him to be careful with it, because it's not a prop. [[spoiler:Dieyi kills himself with the same sword during a rehearsal.]]
* FriendVersusLover: Xiaolou ''thinks'' that this is what's going on with Dieyi's dismissal of Juxian. Of course, Dieyi is actually in love iwth him.


Added DiffLines:

* HowlOfSorrow: Xiaolou when [[spoiler:Juxian dies.]]
* HowWeGotHere: The film begins with Dieyi and Xiaolou practicing the titular opera together, then jumps back over fifty years to detail their lives together.
* IdiotBall: Juxian jumps to break up a fight despite being heavily pregnant. [[spoiler:It's no surprise that she gets hit and ends up losing her baby.]]


Added DiffLines:

* SurprisinglySuddenDeath: Guan drops dead of a heart attack during a speech.


Added DiffLines:

* TriangRelations: Juxian loves Xiaolou and so does Dieyi; Xiaolou returns Juxian's love but also has a long friendship with Dieyi that he's unable to fully give up on, which causes tension between Juxian and Dieyi.
* UnrequitedLoveLastsForever: Dieyi pretty much worships Xiaolou and devotes his life to him, even during their periods of strife, despite Xiaolou not returning his romantic feelings.


Added DiffLines:

* ViewerGenderConfusion: In-universe, observers comment that Dieyi blurs the line between man and woman. His struggle with his gender identity, seen most obviously with his struggle over his lines, causes him a lot of trouble over the course of the film.
31st Oct '15 2:34:33 PM CarolC
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Added DiffLines:

* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: He was severely under pressure and did mean it, but Dieyi's expression after denouncing Juxian.
19th Aug '15 7:32:43 PM HeraldAlberich
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One of the most important works of the 5th Generation Chinese filmmaker Chen Kaige, ''Farewell My Concubine'' is the story of two UsefulNotes/PekingOpera actors (Douzi/Cheng Dieyi and Shitou/Duan Xiaolou) and their [[HoYay tumultuous relationship]] that spans 53 years. The film starts in 1924 Beijing, where Douzi is left (minus a sixth finger) at an opera school [[ParentalAbandonment by his mother]], a prostitute who can no longer afford to keep him at her brothel. Douzi quickly befriends the brash and domineering Shitou, and they spend their childhood [[TrainingFromHell learning the acrobatics, dances, and songs that make up Beijing Opera]]. Shitou learns male roles, and Douzi learns female roles. They both become hugely famous actors, and their trademark performance is the opera Farewell My Concubine, in which Shitou (whose stage name is Duan Xiaolou) plays the King of Chu, and Douzi (whose stage name is Cheng Dieyi) plays his concubine Yu. Through the Nationalist government, [[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar the Japanese occupation]], [[RedChina the Communist takeover]], and the CulturalRevolution, Dieyi and Xiaolou's relationship becomes strained, in part due to political pressures, and in part due to Xiaolou never returning Dieyi's affections, and Dieyi's subsequent jealousy when Xiaolou marries a prostitute named Juxian (played by Creator/GongLi).

to:

One of the most important works of the 5th Generation Chinese filmmaker Chen Kaige, ''Farewell My Concubine'' is the story of two UsefulNotes/PekingOpera actors (Douzi/Cheng Dieyi and Shitou/Duan Xiaolou) and their [[HoYay tumultuous relationship]] that spans 53 years. The film starts in 1924 Beijing, where Douzi is left (minus a sixth finger) at an opera school [[ParentalAbandonment by his mother]], a prostitute who can no longer afford to keep him at her brothel. Douzi quickly befriends the brash and domineering Shitou, and they spend their childhood [[TrainingFromHell learning the acrobatics, dances, and songs that make up Beijing Opera]]. Shitou learns male roles, and Douzi learns female roles. They both become hugely famous actors, and their trademark performance is the opera Farewell My Concubine, in which Shitou (whose stage name is Duan Xiaolou) plays the King of Chu, and Douzi (whose stage name is Cheng Dieyi) plays his concubine Yu. Through the Nationalist government, [[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar the Japanese occupation]], [[RedChina the Communist takeover]], and the CulturalRevolution, UsefulNotes/CulturalRevolution, Dieyi and Xiaolou's relationship becomes strained, in part due to political pressures, and in part due to Xiaolou never returning Dieyi's affections, and Dieyi's subsequent jealousy when Xiaolou marries a prostitute named Juxian (played by Creator/GongLi).



* CulturalRevolution: Ultimately leads to the end of Dieyi and Xiaolou's friendship, [[spoiler: Juxian commits suicide]], and Xiaosi, Dieyi's adopted son, leads the public denunciation of Dieyi and Xiaolou after Dieyi dismisses his ideas for "revolutionary" opera.

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* CulturalRevolution: UsefulNotes/CulturalRevolution: Ultimately leads to the end of Dieyi and Xiaolou's friendship, [[spoiler: Juxian commits suicide]], and Xiaosi, Dieyi's adopted son, leads the public denunciation of Dieyi and Xiaolou after Dieyi dismisses his ideas for "revolutionary" opera.



* FeudEpisode: Happens several times (they make up), but the biggest and most permanent one comes after the CulturalRevolution, when Xiaolou and Dieyi [[spoiler: publicly humiliate and betray each other during the struggle session.]]

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* FeudEpisode: Happens several times (they make up), but the biggest and most permanent one comes after the CulturalRevolution, UsefulNotes/CulturalRevolution, when Xiaolou and Dieyi [[spoiler: publicly humiliate and betray each other during the struggle session.]]
13th Aug '15 6:34:11 PM dotchan
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* DepravedBiseaxual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.

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* DepravedBiseaxual: DepravedBisexual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.



* TraumaticCongaLine: Douzi/Dieyi's whole life.

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* TraumaticCongaLine: TraumaCongaLine: Douzi/Dieyi's whole life.
2nd Mar '15 8:56:27 PM enderheisenberg
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* DoorstopBaby: Xiaosi, though he suffers DeathByAdaptation.

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* DoorstopBaby: Xiaosi, though he suffers DeathByAdaptation.Xiaosi.
2nd Mar '15 8:28:34 PM enderheisenberg
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* AmbiguouslyGay: Master Yuan who gave Dieyi his sword.



* DepreavedBiseaxual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.

to:

* DepreavedBiseaxual: DepravedBiseaxual: The old Eunuch molest both boys and girls.



* EnforcedMethodActing: What the troupe master believes in.

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* EnforcedMethodActing: What In-universe, what the troupe master believes in.
2nd Mar '15 8:21:51 PM enderheisenberg
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* DoorstopBaby: Xiaosi.

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* DoorstopBaby: Xiaosi.Xiaosi, though he suffers DeathByAdaptation.



* FaceHeelTurn: Xiao Si.

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* FaceHeelTurn: Xiao Si.Si in the novel.


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* GreenEyedMonster: Once Juxian appears, Dieyi is visibly irritated and attacks her non stop.
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