History Creator / OrsonWelles

21st May '17 7:35:43 AM JulianLapostat
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* DeadArtistsAreBetter: Welles predicted this would happen to him. Noting that people will love him after his death while in his life he had to constantly hustle and scheme to get movies made. Some also note about Welles that on account of the number of films he left incomplete or had shelved because of rights issues, he's one of the few film-directors who releases new works ''after'' his death, with some citing the Reconstruction of ''Touch of Evil'' and the upcoming ''The Other Side of the Wind'' as examples.
13th Apr '17 3:53:46 PM MadJim
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* ''Mr. Arkadin'' (1955) - Imagine what ''Kane'' would have been like if Charles Foster Kane was still alive, he was asking other people to search for his memory, and all of it rapped in a spy thriller package, and you have a rough idea of what this is like.

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* ''Mr. Arkadin'' (1955) - Imagine what ''Kane'' would have been like if Charles Foster Kane was still alive, he was asking other people to search for his memory, and all of it rapped wrapped in a spy thriller package, and you have a rough idea of what this is like.
30th Mar '17 1:52:36 AM FurryKef
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* ''Series/ILoveLucy'': Welles guest starred on an episode helpfully titled [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin "Lucy Meets Orson Welles"]], which among other things referenced his love of magic and his infamous ''Radio/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' radio broadcast. Welles was also contracted to a Desilu pilot which ended in creative differences between himself and Desi Arnez.

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* ''Series/ILoveLucy'': Welles guest starred on an episode helpfully titled [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin "Lucy Meets Orson Welles"]], which among other things referenced his love of magic and his infamous ''Radio/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' radio broadcast. Welles was also contracted to a Desilu pilot which ended in creative differences between himself and Desi Arnez.Arnaz.
23rd Mar '17 4:51:24 PM JulianLapostat
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George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915–October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] and InsufferableGenius in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him, Creator/AlfredHitchcock, Creator/JeanRenoir, or Creator/YasujiroOzu.

A great showman prodigy, praised as a natural genius in his youth, Welles started his career on the stage because of his confidence, creating ground-breaking new productions of Shakespeare that revitalised the plays and challenged the rules of what could be done in adaptation. From there, he went to radio to do ''Radio/TheMercuryTheatreOnTheAir'' with a regular troupe. The highlight of his career in radio was his 1938 nationwide broadcast of ''Radio/TheWarOfTheWorlds'', which was so convincing that people actually believed aliens had landed in New Jersey. (This story, albeit true, is often highly exaggerated. There were thousands of phone calls to police and radio stations, some people did leave their homes, but no riots.)

From there, he made his first movie for RKO Pictures, ''Film/CitizenKane''. He got [[AuteurLicense complete artistic control]]; he directed it, produced it, wrote at least some of it, and played the lead. ''Citizen Kane'' was a groundbreaking film, generally considered one of, if not the best of all time - so much so that it's created HypeAversion. It's very enjoyable despite that. Unfortunately, the film tanked at the box office, as Charles Foster Kane was thought to be InspiredBy William Randolph Hearst, who was still alive and better at maintaining his influence than Kane was. The Hearst press put a lot of pressure on the studios and sabotaged the film's release, and the film became OvershadowedByControversy in its time, though it was admired enough that it recieved Oscar nominations (and Welles won his only competitive award for writing the screenplay of Kane, which he shared with Herman Mankiewicz). It was VindicatedByHistory and ironically [[StreisandEffect people remember Hearst in a large part for his association with Kane]].

Kane cemented Welles' reputation as the EnfantTerrible of Hollywood and from there, as he put it himself, Orson worked his way to the bottom. His subsequent film, ''Film/TheMagnificentAmbersons'' suffered actual ExecutiveMeddling (which his AuteurLicense contract no longer covered) and his follow-ups marked a slow retreat away from the American mainstream. Welles struggled to make movies for the rest of his career, even a brief attempt to make a comeback like 1958's ''Film/TouchOfEvil'' led to ExecutiveMeddling and he remained in the margins of Europe and independent films. He already had other means to make more films, though; by the end of the 1940s he made his movies (very cheaply) in Europe with donations from sympathetic wealthy friends and from the money he made acting supporting rules in several movies. One of these was his famous supporting role as Harry Lime in ''Film/TheThirdMan'', and Welles himself wrote the character's most memorable lines. Some of the movies he made during this period of his career [[TroubledProduction took years to actually finish]], since he would only have money to complete a few scenes at a time and had to work around the schedules of the other cast and crew members. These movies never made much money (especially in America), but they received a lot of acclaim from critics in Europe, especially from the young critics at ''Cahiers du cinéma'' who would go on to form the FrenchNewWave movement.

These critics played a major role in helping to change attitudes about Welles and his works. By the end of the 1950s ''Kane'' was "rediscovered" as the masterpiece it is, and in the 1962 ''Sight & Sound'' poll critics voted it the greatest movie ever made - despite not even showing up in the magazine's first poll ten years earlier. However, even though many directors and producers in Hollywood now began to openly praise Welles' genius, they still refused to fund his movies and he continued to make cheap European productions. Today, scholars and cinephiles now recognize that this formerly-neglected period includes some of his strongest work. One of them, ''Film/ChimesAtMidnight'' (an adaptation of ''five'' Shakespeare plays centering around his recurring character Falstaff), was his own personal favorite of his movies. Due to copyright questions, some of these movies are not ([[DigitalPiracyIsOkay legally]]) available on DVD or Blu Ray in the United States.

His final years involved doing mostly voiceover work most infamously for a [[http://ubu.wfmu.org/sound/365/03/365-Days-Project-03-01-welles-orson-frozen-peas-spot.mp3 frozen peas commercial]]. His tagline in commercials for the Paul Masson winery, "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpj0t2ozPWY We will sell no wine... before its time]]," became a meme in TheSeventies. He was rather overweight in his later years, leading to many jokes relating to the fact that his final role would be that of a planet. What's funny is that [[http://tfwiki.net/wiki/Unicron his last role really was a planet.]] He died five days after finishing recording the voice of Unicron for the 1986 ''WesternAnimation/TransformersTheMovie''.[[note]]In that short span of time, he blasted the movie. "I play a big toy who beats up all the little toys."[[/note]]

Welles is a popular HistoricalDomainCharacter and a favorite for impressionists. Creator/MauriceLaMarche is often called to do impressions of him. Has also been played by actors [[Film/FullMetalJacket Vincent D'Onofrio]] in ''Film/EdWood'' (with the voice dubbed over by [=LaMarche=]), Angus [=Angus MacFadyen=] in ''Cradle Will Rock'' and Christian [=McKay=] in the Creator/RichardLinklater film ''Film/MeAndOrsonWelles''. In ''The Night That Panicked America'', a 1970s recreation of the War of the Worlds broadcast, he's played by Paul Shenar.

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George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915–October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime avant-garde innovator in the three mediums of theatre, radio and cinema, ChildProdigy, StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] Hams]], and TropeCodifier of InsufferableGenius and EnfantTerrible in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him, Creator/JohnFord, Creator/AlfredHitchcock, Creator/JeanRenoir, Creator/IngmarBergman, or Creator/YasujiroOzu.

A great showman prodigy, praised as Born to a natural genius in his youth, cultured Midwestern family, Welles started was regarded from his career youth as highly intelligent, precocious and charismatic. A boy who never lacked for confidence and [[TheCharmer charm]]. He attended the experimental Todd School of Boys and mentored by headmaster Richard Hill (who was Welles' lifelong friend), he became ambitious and restless. In TheThirties, he traveled to Ireland and Europe to become a painter and ended up working in the Abbey Theatre instead. He returned to America in the middle of the Great Depression, and cemented himself as a great maverick of the American stage with a series of daring productions, originally funded by the Federal Theatre of the WPA program of the New Deal but eventually produced by his own pioneering Mercury Theatre company which in addition to working on the stage because of also worked on the radio and later in his confidence, creating ground-breaking new first two films. Before he made his film debut, Welles made a name for himself in the American performance arts for his ambitious theatre productions of Shakespeare that revitalised often featured daring SettingUpdate such as ''Voodoo Macbeth'', and the plays and challenged the rules of what could be done anti-fascist ''Julius Caesar''. Alongside this he worked in adaptation. From there, he went to radio to do ''Radio/TheMercuryTheatreOnTheAir'' radio, (''Radio/TheMercuryTheatreOnTheAir'') with a his regular troupe. The highlight of his career in radio was his event that made him into a household name across America is the 1938 nationwide broadcast of ''Radio/TheWarOfTheWorlds'', which was so convincing that people actually believed aliens had landed in New Jersey. (This story, albeit true, is often highly exaggerated. There were thousands of phone calls to police and radio stations, some people did leave their homes, but no riots.)

From there, All this, before he turned 25. At that age, he made his first movie for RKO Pictures, ''Film/CitizenKane''. He got Creator/RKOPictures: ''Film/CitizenKane'' on a then unprecedented contract that provided him [[AuteurLicense complete artistic control]]; he directed it, produced it, wrote at least some of it, and played control]], a privilege that established professionals never got leave alone an upstart who never worked in the lead. movie business before. ''Citizen Kane'' was a groundbreaking film, generally considered one of, if not the best of all technically and narratively inventive, controversial in its time - so much so that it's created HypeAversion. It's very enjoyable despite that. Unfortunately, and afterwards. Admired and debated for the next few decades until it became recognized and celebrated in TheSixties onwards as "the greatest film tanked at ever made". It was however commercially unsuccessful in its time, even if it confirmed Welles' talent within the box office, as Charles Foster Kane was thought to be InspiredBy William Randolph Hearst, who was still alive and better at maintaining his influence than Kane was. The Hearst press put a lot of pressure on the studios and sabotaged industry since the film's release, groundbreaking black-and-white cinematography and other technical feats would inspire film-makers for the next two decades. The film became was OvershadowedByControversy in its time, though but it was admired enough that it recieved received quite a few Oscar nominations (and and Welles won his only competitive award for writing the screenplay of Kane, which he shared with Herman Mankiewicz). It was VindicatedByHistory and ironically [[StreisandEffect people remember Hearst in a large part for his association with Kane]].Mankiewicz.

Kane cemented Welles' reputation as the EnfantTerrible of Hollywood and from there, as [[Film/FForFake he put it himself, Orson worked himself later in his life]], [[RichesToRags having started at the top, he would work his way to the bottom. His subsequent film, bottom]]. ''Film/TheMagnificentAmbersons'' suffered actual ExecutiveMeddling (which his AuteurLicense contract no longer covered) and his follow-ups marked a slow retreat away from with the exception of ''The Stranger'', no Welles feature would ever achieve commercial success. Welles eventually dropped out of the mainstream of American mainstream. Welles struggled to make movies for cinema entirely by the rest end of his career, even a the decade. The one brief attempt to make a comeback like exception was 1958's ''Film/TouchOfEvil'' which ''again'', [[HereWeGoAgain led to ExecutiveMeddling to]] ExecutiveMeddling. He would never quite enjoy the budget and he remained in the margins freedom of Europe ''Kane'', and independent films. He already had other means would resort to make more films, though; by the end of the 1940s he made his making movies (very cheaply) in Europe with donations by getting funding from sympathetic wealthy friends and from the money he made multiple sources as well as his own acting supporting rules fees. This ad-hoc means of production however created [[ScrewedByTheLawyers numerous rights issues]] in several movies. One later decades which played a part in making many of them rare and hard-to-see. Welles also resorted to using his fees as an actor to fund his films. The most famous of these parts and with the exception of his own directorial ventures, the greatest film he appeared in, was his famous supporting role performance as Harry Lime in ''Film/TheThirdMan'', and whose famous speech was improvised by Welles himself wrote the character's most memorable lines. Some himself.

The majority
of the movies he made during this period of his career [[TroubledProduction took years to actually finish]], since he would only have money to complete a few scenes at a time and had to work around the schedules of the other cast and crew members. These movies never made much money (especially in America), but they received a lot of acclaim from critics in Europe, especially from the young critics at ''Cahiers du cinéma'' who would go on to form the FrenchNewWave movement.

These critics played a major role in helping to change attitudes about Welles and his works. By the end of the 1950s ''Kane'' was "rediscovered" as the masterpiece it is, and in the 1962 ''Sight & Sound'' poll critics voted it the greatest movie ever made - despite not even showing up in the magazine's first poll ten years earlier. However, even though many directors and producers in Hollywood now began to openly praise
Welles' genius, they still refused to fund his movies life was spent in an itinerant manner, planning several productions, writing several scripts and he continued to make cheap European productions. Today, scholars doing many projects at once. Much of this was unfinished, most never went past concept, and cinephiles now recognize the films that this formerly-neglected period includes some were made (while critically acclaimed, technically and narratively inventive, and visually gorgeous) were even more obscure than ''Citizen Kane'', whose belated re-evaluation paradoxically lent Welles the taint of his strongest work. One of them, ''Film/ChimesAtMidnight'' (an adaptation of ''five'' Shakespeare plays centering around his recurring being a OneBookAuthor, and an artist who peaked early. On the other hand, Welles remained a major public figure and global celebrity, in demand for talk shows, commercials, voice-over work, character Falstaff), was his own personal favorite actor and villain roles. Some of his movies. Due to copyright questions, some of these movies are not ([[DigitalPiracyIsOkay legally]]) available on DVD or Blu Ray in the United States.

His final years involved doing mostly voiceover work
activities from this time endures in popular culture, most infamously for notably a [[http://ubu.wfmu.org/sound/365/03/365-Days-Project-03-01-welles-orson-frozen-peas-spot.mp3 frozen peas commercial]]. His tagline in commercials for the Paul Masson winery, "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpj0t2ozPWY We will sell no wine... before its time]]," became a meme in TheSeventies. He was rather also became overweight in his later years, leading to many jokes relating to the fact that his final role would be that of a planet. What's funny which is that both sad and funny, because [[http://tfwiki.net/wiki/Unicron his last role really was a planet.]] He died five days after finishing recording the voice of Unicron for the 1986 ''WesternAnimation/TransformersTheMovie''.[[note]]In that short span of time, he blasted the movie. "I play a big toy who beats up all the little toys."[[/note]]

"[[/note]] As such, Welles is a popular HistoricalDomainCharacter and a favorite for impressionists. Creator/MauriceLaMarche is often called to do impressions of him. Has also been played by actors [[Film/FullMetalJacket Vincent D'Onofrio]] in ''Film/EdWood'' (with the voice dubbed over by [=LaMarche=]), Angus [=Angus MacFadyen=] in ''Cradle Will Rock'' and Christian [=McKay=] in the Creator/RichardLinklater film ''Film/MeAndOrsonWelles''. In ''The Night That Panicked America'', a 1970s recreation of the War of the Worlds broadcast, he's played by Paul Shenar.
Shenar.

As an artist and a film-maker however, Welles codified the concept of the film-maker as artist, transforming the idea of cinema as factory product, and the profession of a film director, inspiring pretty much every post-war film-maker across the world. Despite being quintessentially American (born in Wisconsin and culturally Midwestern), he became an international icon, who had [[NeverAcceptedInHisHometown a far better reputation outside his home country]].It was only By the end of the 1950s ''Kane'' was "rediscovered" as a masterpiece, and in the 1962 ''Sight & Sound'' poll critics voted it the greatest movie ever made for the very first time, a feat it maintained for the next six decades until 2012[[note]]This despite the fact, that it not even showing up in the magazine's first poll ten years earlier.[[/note]] Today, scholars and cinephiles now recognize that his second career in Europe also includes very strong work. Thanks to later reappraisals, the revival and rediscovery of later films like ''Touch of Evil'' and ''F For Fake'', Welles is today seen and celebrated as one of the most daring, artistic and ambitious film-makers to have ever worked in the medium.
22nd Feb '17 7:09:17 PM snichols1973
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* BerserkButton: He wouldn't stand for Ted Turner's attempt to ruin his film noir masterpiece ''Film/CitizenKane'' with Turnerization: "Keep Ted Turner and his goddamned Crayolas away from my movie."
15th Feb '17 10:08:54 AM JulianLapostat
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George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915–October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] and InsufferableGenius in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him or Creator/AlfredHitchcock.

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George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915–October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] and InsufferableGenius in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him him, Creator/AlfredHitchcock, Creator/JeanRenoir, or Creator/AlfredHitchcock.
Creator/YasujiroOzu.
8th Feb '17 7:45:03 PM AustinCarver13
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* HitlerCam: Used this constantly to quickly show corrupt men in positions of power.
24th Jan '17 1:26:59 AM ElectroKraken
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* CopiouslyCreditedCreator: Wrote, directed, produced, and starred in many of his films.
14th Jan '17 2:12:47 PM Xtifr
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'''George Orson Welles''' (May 6, 1915 October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] and InsufferableGenius in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him or Creator/AlfredHitchcock.

to:

'''George George Orson Welles''' Welles (May 6, 1915 October 1915–October 10, 1985) was [[RenaissanceMan an actor, writer, director, producer, artist, young genius]], sometime StageMagician, and patron saint of [[LargeHam Large Hams]] and InsufferableGenius in popular culture. When movie scholars are polled for the greatest directors ever, the top position is usually either him or Creator/AlfredHitchcock.
11th Dec '16 12:04:07 PM Pren
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* ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' (1948) - Low-budget adaptation of the Shakespeare play.

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* ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' (1948) - Low-budget adaptation of the Shakespeare play. The entire thing was dubbed over when audiences found the cast's Scottish accents laughable, but the original has also been released.
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