History Creator / JohnFord

30th Nov '17 6:14:25 PM jamespolk
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* ''3 Godfathers'' (1948)

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* ''3 Godfathers'' ''Film/ThreeGodfathers'' (1948)
30th Nov '17 8:25:46 AM YT45
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* ''They Were Expendable'' (1945)

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* ''They Were Expendable'' ''Film/TheyWereExpendable'' (1945)
5th Nov '17 1:26:22 PM dlchen145
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John Ford was an American director whose lengthy career was one of the most honored in Hollywood history. Four Oscars for Best Director, which is still the record. Filmed some of the most iconic [[TheWestern Wild West]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII war movies]] of the age.

Born John Feeney in 1894 (or 1895) in Maine to a large Irish family, he traveled with his older brother Francis to Hollywood during the early years of film-making. Changing their last names to Ford, Francis went to work as an actor while John found himself finding work behind the camera. By the 1920s and 1930s, John Ford was working on small-time, quickly made Westerners but was moving on to bigger and better projects. He won his first Best Director Oscar for ''The Informer'', a political thriller about the [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles IRA]] which cemented his reputation as a great director. Then in 1939 he directed ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}'', considered for decades to be the greatest Western ever made. He went on to win three more Best Director Oscars, more than any other film-maker. (Although, ironically, none of them were for the westerns he was so well-known for. This is understandable since it would take 'till the '90s for Westerns to get OutOfTheGhetto and be taken seriously as dramatic works.)

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John Ford (born John Martin Feeney, February 1, 1894 August 31, 1973) was an American director whose lengthy career was one of the most honored in Hollywood history. Four Oscars for Best Director, which is still the record. Filmed some of the most iconic [[TheWestern Wild West]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII war movies]] of the age.

Born John Feeney in 1894 (or 1895) in Maine to a large Irish family, he traveled with his older brother Francis to Hollywood during the early years of film-making. Changing their last names to Ford, Francis went to work as an actor while John found himself finding work behind the camera. By the 1920s and 1930s, John Ford was working on small-time, quickly made Westerners but was moving on to bigger and better projects. He won his first Best Director Oscar for ''The Informer'', a political thriller about the [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles IRA]] which cemented his reputation as a great director. Then in 1939 he directed ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}'', considered for decades to be the greatest Western ever made. He went on to win three more Best Director Oscars, more than any other film-maker. (Although, ironically, none of them were for the westerns he was so well-known for. This is understandable since it would take 'till the '90s for Westerns to get OutOfTheGhetto and be taken seriously as dramatic works.)
7th Jul '17 6:33:15 PM Yeow95
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John Ford is an American director whose lengthy career was one of the most honored in Hollywood history. Four Oscars for Best Director, which is still the record. Filmed some of the most iconic [[TheWestern Wild West]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII war movies]] of the age.

to:

John Ford is was an American director whose lengthy career was one of the most honored in Hollywood history. Four Oscars for Best Director, which is still the record. Filmed some of the most iconic [[TheWestern Wild West]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII war movies]] of the age.



Ford's Westerns were largely set in Monument Valley Utah and he used the Navajo tribe in the region as extras which he cast in all his westerns. Ford's films aided the economy for the Navajos and he paid them fair wages on union scale in a time of segregation. For this the Navajos gave him the honorific ''Natani Nez''. Ford's films like ''Film/FortApache'' and ''Film/TheSearchers'' highlighted the injustice and violence of the landscape, with the latter film even subverting Creator/JohnWayne's image as TheHero, even addressing the hypocrisy of MissingWhiteWomanSyndrome years before his time. His final western, ''Cheyenne Autumn'' also subverted the genre and addressed the OldShame of Native American oppression in a way few Westerns did.

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Ford's Westerns were largely set in Monument Valley Utah and he used the Navajo tribe in the region as extras which he cast in all his westerns. Ford's films aided the economy for the Navajos and he paid them fair wages on union scale in a time of segregation. For this the Navajos gave him the honorific ''Natani Nez''. Ford's films like ''Film/FortApache'' and ''Film/TheSearchers'' highlighted the injustice and violence of the landscape, with the latter film even subverting Creator/JohnWayne's image as TheHero, even addressing the hypocrisy of MissingWhiteWomanSyndrome years before his time. His final western, ''Cheyenne Autumn'' also subverted the genre and addressed the OldShame of Native American oppression in a way few Westerns did.
did. Ford passed away in 1973.
15th Jun '17 12:00:32 PM Kitchen90
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* PrimaDonnaDirector: He was ''not'' an easy man to work for, viciously insulting his cast and crew to motivate them. John Wayne was the usual butt of Ford's abuse; Ford enjoyed forcing Wayne to take a three-point stance and kicking his backside. While shooting ''They Were Expendable'' he was so cruel to Wayne that costar Robert Montgomery refused to continue filming until Ford apologized. He also needled Woody Strode with racial epithets while shooting ''Sergeant Rutledge'', though Strode treated it as a motivational technique. On ''Film/MisterRoberts'' he punched Henry Fonda in the face during a heated argument. Fonda forgave Ford, but refused to work for him again.

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* PrimaDonnaDirector: He was ''not'' an easy man to work for, viciously insulting his cast and crew to motivate them. John Wayne was the usual butt of Ford's abuse; Ford enjoyed forcing Wayne to take a three-point stance and kicking his backside. While shooting ''They Were Expendable'' he was so cruel to Wayne that costar Robert Montgomery Creator/RobertMontgomery refused to continue filming until Ford apologized. He also needled Woody Strode with racial epithets while shooting ''Sergeant Rutledge'', though Strode treated it as a motivational technique. On ''Film/MisterRoberts'' he punched Henry Fonda in the face during a heated argument. Fonda forgave Ford, but refused to work for him again.
27th May '17 1:42:52 PM nombretomado
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In TheSixties and TheSeventies, Ford's films fell under scrutiny on issues of representation of Native Americans and African Americans in his Westerns and dramas. The fact that many of them featured Creator/JohnWayne, a prominent supporter of the VietnamWar and other conservative causes didn't help. In matter of fact, for most of his life, Ford was a liberal. A supporter of Franklin Roosevelt and Kennedy, who personally opposed the RedScare, publicly denounced pro-blacklist filmmaker Creator/CecilBDeMille at a meeting of the Director's Guild and helped blacklisted actors and writers find work. Later in life however, Ford identified himself as a "Maine Republican" and supported both Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon. He was also highly intelligent, speaking several languages including the Navajo language.

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In TheSixties and TheSeventies, Ford's films fell under scrutiny on issues of representation of Native Americans and African Americans in his Westerns and dramas. The fact that many of them featured Creator/JohnWayne, a prominent supporter of the VietnamWar UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar and other conservative causes didn't help. In matter of fact, for most of his life, Ford was a liberal. A supporter of Franklin Roosevelt and Kennedy, who personally opposed the RedScare, publicly denounced pro-blacklist filmmaker Creator/CecilBDeMille at a meeting of the Director's Guild and helped blacklisted actors and writers find work. Later in life however, Ford identified himself as a "Maine Republican" and supported both Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon. He was also highly intelligent, speaking several languages including the Navajo language.
12th Feb '17 4:17:39 PM JulianLapostat
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-> ''"People are incorrect to compare a director to an author. If he's a creator, he's more like an architect. And an architect conceives his plans according to precise circumstances."''
-->-- '''John Ford'''



* AuteurLicense: Like most "journeymen" directors who were not producers of their films in the [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood Golden Age]], Ford did not have contractual AuteurLicense on the vast majority of the films he directed. However research has shown that Ford evolved a strategy to exert autonomy and control while working in the system. He was economical to the point of mathematical precision, refusing to shoot extra shots and "cutting on camera" to prevent extra footage available to editors(who worked with producers), which forced the editors to arrange the film as [[BatmanGambit a jigsaw puzzle]] with the pieces scattered to form Ford's pre-determined vision.

to:

* AuteurLicense: Like most "journeymen" directors who were not producers of their films in the [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood Golden Age]], Ford did not have contractual AuteurLicense on the vast majority of the films he directed. However research has shown that Ford evolved a strategy to exert autonomy and control while working in the system.
**
He was economical to the point of mathematical precision, refusing to shoot extra shots and "cutting on camera" to prevent extra footage available to editors(who worked with producers), which forced the editors to arrange the film as [[BatmanGambit a jigsaw puzzle]] with the pieces scattered to form Ford's pre-determined vision. vision.
** In Peter Bogdanovich's ''Directed by John Ford'', Creator/MaureenOHara discussed how the wedding scene in Film/HowGreenWasMyValley was often believed to contain an accident (where a gust of wind suddenly lifted her character's veil as she stepped down). She insisted that Ford entirley staged this scene, timing the wind machine just right to get this effect, and noted that Ford had a gift of making scenes look "natural" and "accidental" even when they were staged and planned to LudicrousPrecision.
** Ford noted that he, and other directors assert their personality not so much by controlling or dictating the content so much as controlling the conditions.
--> '''John Ford''': ''"People are incorrect to compare a director to an author. If he's a creator, he's more like an architect. And an architect conceives his plans according to precise circumstances."''
5th Oct '16 6:23:59 PM CumbersomeTercel
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** Stagecoach is another example. The Ringo Kid (John Wayne) doesn't show up for the film's early section, the various subplots concerning the other travellers are given attention while Thomas Mitchell's literary-minded and alcoholic doctor gets most of the lines. ''Fort Apache'' likewise is more about the customs and lives of the titular military fort, with the film's hero-villain Owen Thursday being mostly a FlatCharacter.

to:

** Stagecoach ''Stagecoach'' is another example. The Ringo Kid (John Wayne) doesn't show up for the film's early section, the various subplots concerning the other travellers are given attention while Thomas Mitchell's literary-minded and alcoholic doctor gets most of the lines. ''Fort Apache'' likewise is more about the customs and lives of the titular military fort, with the film's hero-villain Owen Thursday being mostly a FlatCharacter.



* LongRunners: John Ford first started making films in the 1910s with his earliest surviving film being ''Straight Shooting'', also a Western. His last film comes from the year 1966, a span of more than 50 years, covering the first half of the 20th Century. This leads to ArchivePanic since he made a lot of films and was highly consistent moreover.
30th Sep '16 3:59:59 PM The_Glorious_SOB
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Born John Feeney in 1894 (or 1895) in Maine to a large Irish family, he traveled with his older brother Francis to Hollywood during the early years of film-making. Changing their last names to Ford, Francis went to work as an actor while John found himself finding work behind the camera. By the 1920s and 1930s, John Ford was working on small-time, quickly made Westerners but was moving on to bigger and better projects. He won his first Best Director Oscar for ''The Informer'', a political thriller about the [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles IRA]] which cemented his reputation as a great director. Then in 1939 he directed ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}'', considered for decades to be the greatest Western ever made. He went on to win three more Best Director Oscars, more than any other film-maker. (Although, ironically, none of them were for the westerns he was so well-known for. This is understandable since it would take till the 90s for Westerns to get OutOfTheGhetto and be taken seriously as dramatic works.)

to:

Born John Feeney in 1894 (or 1895) in Maine to a large Irish family, he traveled with his older brother Francis to Hollywood during the early years of film-making. Changing their last names to Ford, Francis went to work as an actor while John found himself finding work behind the camera. By the 1920s and 1930s, John Ford was working on small-time, quickly made Westerners but was moving on to bigger and better projects. He won his first Best Director Oscar for ''The Informer'', a political thriller about the [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles IRA]] which cemented his reputation as a great director. Then in 1939 he directed ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}'', considered for decades to be the greatest Western ever made. He went on to win three more Best Director Oscars, more than any other film-maker. (Although, ironically, none of them were for the westerns he was so well-known for. This is understandable since it would take till 'till the 90s '90s for Westerns to get OutOfTheGhetto and be taken seriously as dramatic works.)
29th Sep '16 2:27:03 PM FurryKef
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* TheLadette: Normally, this character type is more typical of Creator/HowardHawks films, but Ford's films occassionally provide examples: Ava Gardner's performance in ''Mogambo'' (where Ford is more or less channelling Hawks anyway) and most notably, Anne Bancroft in ''7 Women'' with Dr. Cartwright, an atheist doctor alcoholic who is also a BoisterousBruiser and is presented as Creator/JohnWayne's DistaffCounterpart.

to:

* TheLadette: Normally, this character type is more typical of Creator/HowardHawks films, but Ford's films occassionally occasionally provide examples: Ava Gardner's performance in ''Mogambo'' (where Ford is more or less channelling Hawks anyway) and most notably, Anne Bancroft in ''7 Women'' with Dr. Cartwright, an atheist doctor alcoholic who is also a BoisterousBruiser and is presented as Creator/JohnWayne's DistaffCounterpart.
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