History Comicbook / TheInvisibles

30th Aug '17 5:46:00 AM StFan
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[[caption-width-right:300:Clockwise from top left: Dane "Jack Frost" [=MacGowan=], Lord Fanny, Boy, King Mob and Ragged Robin. From the cover of volume 2, issue 1.]]

->''[[ArcWords "It's only a game. Try to remember."]]''

Possibly one of the most highly-regarded ComicBook series of the 1990s, Creator/GrantMorrison's ''The Invisibles'' is an electric mashup of Film/JamesBond movies, 1960s psychedelia, CosmicHorrorStory, Gnostic theory, ''Series/ThePrisoner'', ''The Literature/{{Illuminatus}} Trilogy'' and the books of Creator/PhilipKDick, with guest appearances by Music/JohnLennon, the Creator/MarquisDeSade, Creator/LordByron and Queen Elizabeth II. It's one of the best-regarded original titles from Creator/VertigoComics.

It begins with young Dane [=MacGowan=] -- a Liverpudlian tearaway with growing psychic power -- who becomes a target for two sides of an ancient war: The Invisible College, fighting for chaos and limitless freedom, and The Outer Church, which wants to grind down all individuality and turn humans into mindless drones.

He soon joins up with an Invisible cell comprising psychic assassin King Mob, transvestite shaman Lord Fanny, martial arts expert Boy and mysterious redhead Ragged Robin. Together they strike at The Outer Church and its Earthly representatives, trying to free the world of its sick grip. But neither side knows the true secret of the universe, or what is really coming at the end of time on December 21st, 2012...

The comic has been equally lauded and criticized for its complicated, nigh-on-labyrinthine structure, which jumps backward and forward in time and - particularly at the end of the third volume - requires the reader to put in some effort to unravel what exactly is going on. It's also let down by art of varying quality, particularly in the 10th and 11th issues of the third volume which had a different artist ''every couple of pages''. However, it remains Morrison's best-received non-superhero work and one of the high watermarks of '90s comic books. Many of its themes would be continued in Morrison's ''ComicBook/TheFilth''.

Not to be confused with ''Film/ArthurAndTheInvisibles''.

Generally regarded as being one of the primary inspirations for ''Film/TheMatrix'', alongside ''Anime/GhostInTheShell''. Morrison even said he felt he was plagiarised, but that it just meant the comic was working as intended.

!!''The Invisibles'' provides examples of:

* AfterTheEnd: Some of the parallel universes the characters cross through are post-apocalyptic and quite unpleasant.
* AnachronicOrder
* AnotherDimension: Our universe is a hologram created by two other universes intersecting. Or a five-dimensional structure in a growing larval stage. Or [[MindScrew something]].
* AristocratsAreEvil: Lord Miles; also Queen Elizabeth II is shown to be involved with The Outer Church in "The Invisible Kingdom".
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: [[spoiler: What happens to mankind on December 21st, 2012, maybe]]
* AuthorAvatar: This is a weird one. For whatever reason, King Mob greatly resembles Grant Morrison: both are tall, skinny bald British guys. In the letters column of the final issue of volume 1, Morrison relates the story of how, at the same time he stuck King Mob in a torture chamber with a gunshot wound to the stomach for about six issues, Morrison collapsed and nearly died because of a deflated lung. Morrison found this significant. More complexly, King Mob at one point uses an alter-ego/parody/lookalike of himself, Gideon Stargrave, the psychedelic mod superspy assassin, as an allegedly-fictional cover for his own identity while being psychically probed by his enemies. In an afterward, Morrison explains that he himself had specifically invented Gideon Stargrave in his teens as a deliberate Author Avatar (Stargrave's adventures were published in two issues of the Scottish comicbook ''Near Myths'', when Morrison was 17). So King Mob fits this trope coming and going. Particularly in light of his answers to reader letters at the end of each issue, it's hard to come away from the series with the impression that King Mob is anything but what Morrison would dearly love to be.
** That last bit is pretty much the point of the work—as a chaos magician, he intended for it to be a hypersigil. A normal sigil is (briefly) a magic spell encapsulated in a picture; a hypersigil would be a sigil with the added dimension of time.
* BombThrowingAnarchist:
** Jack Frost starts as one. The rest of the series [[{{DeconstructedTrope}} deconstructs]] this trope.
** The 1920s King Mob was one of the originals-even to blowing up a police station with a CartoonBomb.
* BodyHorror: Miss Dwyer's body modifications in "Entropy in the U.K."; what happens to Bambi in "Bloody Hell in America".
* BrainwashedAndCrazy: [[spoiler:Jolly Roger in "Bloody Hell in America", Boy in "American Death Camp"]]
* ButchLesbian: Jolly Roger.
* CaptainErsatz: Mason Lang is the Invisibles' Bruce Wayne.
* ChekhovsGun: The "World's Best Dad" mug.
* CodeName: Each of The Invisibles has a code name that effectively becomes their 'second self'.
* TheCon: In "Black Science 2".
* CoolOldLady: Edith Manning
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: In "Season of Ghouls".
* TheCorruption: Serving the Archons changes people both physically and psychologically.
* CosmicDeadline: The world is supposed to come to an end (wake up? be born?) on December 21st, 2012. [[spoiler: It does. "Our sentence is up."]]
* CosmicHorrorStory
* CoversAlwaysLie: The covers for the issues in the third volume were intentionally surreal and subtly hinted at the story without being explicit.
* CrazyPrepared: King Mob has booby-trapped his own car just in case someone steals it.
* CreatorBreakdown: Morrison put his emotional and physical problems into the series as he wrote it - and believes that some of the injuries he inflicted on his MartyStu magically affected him too.
* CulturalRebel: Dane (a white English teenage guy) is a big fan of gangsta rap, and he asks Boy (a young African-American woman) whether she likes it. She says it's okay, but she prefers European techno. Later, we find out that her brother was an actual gangsta rapper.
* DepravedBisexual: The Marquis De Sade, naturally and proudly.
* DinerBrawl: A local cowboy doesn't like the fact that Lord Fanny is a transexual and tries to pick a fight. Doesn't go well when the heroes take down entire military bases on their off days.
* EccentricMentor: Tom O'Bedlam to Dane.
* EldritchAbomination: The Outer Church's sinister Archons.
* {{Expy}}:
** According to WordOfGod, Ragged Robin is not just an expy of Crazy Jane from ''Comicbook/DoomPatrol'', the series Morrison used to write before The Invisibles, but an alternate-universe version of her.
** Gideon Stargrave is an Expy of Creator/MichaelMoorcock's protagonist [[Literature/TheCorneliusChronicles Jerry Cornelius]]. The caption boxes relating to him even parody the distinctive chapter titles and prose style of the Cornelius stories. It later turns out that the Cornelius stories exist in-universe and King Mob was consciously imitating them.
** Lewis Brodie, the Outer Church agent who captures King Mob and Fanny, is a parody of Bodie from ''Series/TheProfessionals'', played by Lewis Collins.
** All of the "Division X" characters are Expies of figures from 1970s British police series:
*** Paddy Crowley is George Cowley from ''Series/TheProfessionals''.
*** George Harper and Jack Flint are George Carter and Jack Regan from ''Series/TheSweeney''.
*** Jon Six is Series/JasonKing from ''Series/DepartmentS'' and later his own eponymous show.
* FadSuper: King Mob reinvented himself several times throughout the series to remain fashionable.
* FallenHero: John-a-Dreams--once [[HoYay close]] to King Mob--is later observed scheming with Lord Miles, underscoring (as the series winds down) the increasing NotSoDifferent emphasis.
* FalseCrucible: In "Down and Out in Heaven and Hell".
** Likewise in [[spoiler: "American Death Camp"]], but it ''is'' meant to get results.
* FantasticDrug: The "blue mold" in an abandoned Underground station, and Ragged Robin's use of "Sky" to bootstrap her jump from fiction to reality (or is it the other way around?)
* FiveManBand: Subverted like hell. The Invisible army is composed (sometimes) of five man cells, who ritualistically swap both their roles in the group and personalities.
** It's not hard to fit the main Invisibles cell into this matrix, though:
*** TheHero: King Mob.
*** TheLancer: Ragged Robin.
*** TheSmartGuy: Lord Fanny.
*** TheBigGuy: Boy.
*** TheChick: Jack Frost (as TheHeart of the group, he plays this role better than any of the actual female members).
** In Volume 2 the cell does indeed ritualistically swap their roles, but on the plot level the only noticeable change is that Ragged Robin becomes TheHero and King Mob TheLancer (with a special appearance of Jolly Roger as SixthRanger). In Volume 3 the original team has disbanded while new protagonists take the stage, so the matrix doesn't fit quite as much, but the remaining members remain and with the dynamics changed completely as such:
*** TheHero: Jack Frost, now as a MessianicArchetype.
*** TheLancer: King Mob, with a dose of TheAragorn. John Six could also be one, to the extent in which he works with the main group.
*** TheSmartGuy: Lord Fanny. Helga is also this.
*** TheBigGuy: Jolly Roger
* FlockOfWolves: Every member of the Metropolitan Police's secret occult crime squad Division X is actually an Invisible double-agent. Jon Six was the only one to know all the others were moles, George Harper didn't even know that he was a mole due to using a MemoryGambit, and the other two thought that they were the only one.
* GainaxEnding: Nothing else could have worked, really
* GreyAndGrayMorality: One of the big points of the series. It manages to find it behind an almost {{Anvilicious}}ly black-and-white conflict.
* HandOfGlory: The Hand of Glory is a powerful artifact that can open doors in timespace – i.e. open gates to other worlds and ages. It is hinted that the Hand is Jack Frost's hand, who uses it to fold in time like a cursor on a computer screen.
* HeroesWantRedHeads: Ragged Robin is the love interest for King Mob (and later... or earlier, depending on how you look at the chronology, Mason Lang).
* HigherUnderstandingThroughDrugs: There are several occasions where characters gain deeper knowledge via drugs, both real and [[FantasticDrug imaginary]] ones. The most notable example of the latter is the blue mold the protagonist Dane and his mentor Tom smoke, allowing Dane to contact [[SentientCosmicForce the Barbelith]], though it's later revealed that [[spoiler:[[SubvertedTrope the mold was just regular mold]] with no narcotic qualities at all.]]
* HollywoodVoodoo: Averted by the character Jim Crow. He uses authentic Voodoo incantations in Haitian Creole, allows himself to be "ridden" by the loa Baron Samedi (who behaves in the exact manner described by Voodoo practitioners), and invokes other loa such as Cousin Legba. The issue "Season of Ghouls" also depicts a fairly realistic voodoo ritual, complete with fetishes, idols, blood, candles, etc.
* HowWeGotHere: In "How I Became Invisible", "And Half a Dozen of the Other" and "The Invisible Kingdom".
* HuntingTheMostDangerousGame: In "Royal Monsters".
* IdiosyncraticEpisodeNaming: Or in this case, issue numbering. Volume 3 starts with issue 12 and counts down to 1.
* JourneyToTheCenterOfTheMind: In "Entropy in the U.K.".
* LennonSpecs: King Mob
* LogicBomb: The series itself is allegedly designed to have this effect ''on the reader''.
* MayanDoomsday: The world ends with the on Dec 21, 2012 with the [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence ascension of mankind]]. Creator/GrantMorrison talks about it [[http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=41336 here.]]
* MemoryGambit: Some Invisible agents temporarily submerge their own knowledge of being Invisibles to better blend into the background, such as [[spoiler:George Harper]].
* MindScrew: Pretty much the whole thing. It is Creator/GrantMorrison, after all.
* MindScrewdriver: Anarchy for the Masses. Also, Douglas Wolk's "Reading Comics" has a very astute analysis.
* NestedStoryReveal:
** There are at leasts four instances in the plot that could be interpreted as this: [[spoiler:the future Dane's story to his dying friend, the future Robin's [[SelfInsertFic self-insert fan fiction]], the video game developed by the future King Mob, and the novel written by Sir Miles]]. However, given the deconstructionist nature of ''The Invisibles'', none of them are conclusive.
** A major theme of the work is that everything is true. [[spoiler: Dane did tell his dying friend the story, Robin did write the story, King Mob did develop a virtual reality game, which Dane played and escaped.]] The universe of "The Invisibles" exists as a completed totality. "Paradox" is irrelevant.
* ObfuscatingDisability: The mysterious Blind Chess Player may actually be {{Satan}}, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enoch_%28Biblical_figure%29 Enoch]], or another character in the comic itself, but he definitely isn't actually blind. [[SuperSenses Positively the reverse.]]
* OrderVersusChaos: The Invisibles are agents of Chaos, fighting the evil forces of eternal Order (represented by the Archons of the Outer Church).
* PsychicNosebleed
* RapeAsBackstory: Parodied when Robin deliberately creates a false memory of being abused by her father as a distraction for the sexually-depraved Quimper, when he tries to GrandTheftMe her.
* RebelliousRebel: Jack Frost, at first, chafes under even the minimal and fluid authority of an Invisibles cell.
* RRatedOpening: One of the first series to be written specifically to take advantage of Vertigo's "suggested for mature readers" policy, the second page of the very first issue comic is a splash page with a character screaming "FUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUCK!".
* RaisedAsTheOppositeGender: Lord Fanny.
* RecursiveReality: The cast travels to worlds inside, outside, up, down and sideways to the real world. Whatever ''[[UpTheRealRabbitHole that]]'' is...
* SecretIdentity: Gideon Starozewski wrote books under the name Kirk Morrison about his alter-ego Gideon Stargrave... and eventually became King Mob.
* SecretIdentityIdentity: In "Entropy in the U.K.", King Mob uses all of the above identities to fox Lord Miles's attempts at psychic interrogation. In "American Death Camp", Boy discovers that she may not be who she thinks she is.
* SexMagic: In the "Black Science" arc, Lord Fanny is shown powering one of her spells with masturbation. ''The Invisibles'' also includes a rather unusual example in its ParaText: during its early run, the sales of the series dropped notably, and author Creator/GrantMorrison (who practices magic in real life) was worried it would get cancelled. To prevent this, he suggested a massive, multi-person [[ADateWithRosiePalms "wank-a-thon"]] on the letters page of one issue. The idea was that all the readers would masturbate on a particular date while focusing on a magical sigil Morrison had provided, and the resultant SexMagic would stop ''The Invisibles'' from getting cancelled. Unfortunately, this particular issue was delayed, so it came out only after the date Morrison had set, though the series was never cancelled anyway.
* ShoutOut: When harassed by a group of rednecks in volume 2, King Mob says "[[Film/FullMetalJacket Is this you, John Wayne? Is this me?]]"
* TechnicalPacifist: King Mob gives up guns in volume three because of the damage killing has done to his karma.
* TextualCelebrityResemblance: The Blind Chessplayer is drawn at times to look exactly like Creator/RichardEGrant. His resemblance to "an actor" is commented on within the story by Dane, after their conversation at Dulce.
* TimeTravel: [[spoiler:Ragged Robin comes from the year 2012.]] Also, the team uses psychic time travel regularly, for example to retrieve the Marquis de Sade.
* TrappedInTVLand: In "Arcadia", the team find themselves stuck in the Creator/MarquisDeSade's ''Literature/The120DaysOfSodom.''
* UnintentionalPeriodPiece: Morrison wanted to cram the comic full of popular culture signifiers of its era, which in retrospect makes it very much a [[TheNineties 1990s]] period piece. The '90s phenomena and fads featured in ''The Invisibles'' include raves, [[TheGreys aliens]], virtual reality, baggy pants, Union Jack T-shirts and other clothing styles of the decade, pre-[[MillenniumBug Y2K]] hysteria, and so on.
* WeirdnessCensor: In "Counting to None".
* WhatMeasureIsAMook: Several times in the comic, but especially in the twelfth issue, which covers the entire life story of a mook who King Mob casually killed in the first issue and gave a BondOneLiner to.
* WhereEverybodyKnowsYourFlame: The bar where Fanny takes her night off and is captured by Brodie.
* WholeEpisodeFlashback: "Best Man Fall" tells the life story of one of the guards killed by King Mob in issue one; also "How I Became Invisible", "She-Man", "The Invisible Kingdom".
* WholesomeCrossdresser: Lord Fanny. Admittedly, she's still quite amorous.
* WhyCouldntYouBeDifferent: Lord Fanny is raised as a girl because her grandmother does not allow men to become shamans.
* WildCard: The blind chess player (who may or may not be [[spoiler:Satan]]) appears to be working with both the Invisibles and the Archons. Note that whenever we see him by his chessboard, he's not sitting on either the white or the black side, but in the middle, literally "playing both sides". Later on we find out [[spoiler:that the idea of there being two sides is a false dichotomy anyway, and one needs to transcend it to move on to the Supercontext.]] Or [[MindScrew something like that]].
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